What Contributes to The Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease in Type 2 Diabetic Patients?

  • Assila Abdul Hamid
Keywords: Chronic kidney disease - disease progression - risk factors - type 2 diabetes mellitus - blood pressure


IntroductionChronic kidney disease (CKD) has emerged as a major medical illness that drew the attention of the community. This research focused on the prevalence of five contributing factors to the progression of CKD, namely blood pressure control, glycaemic control, lipid control, smoking and alcohol intake, and explored significant association between these variables. This was a cross-sectional study that examined the progression of CKD based on the worsening of CKD stages.MethodsThis study was conducted among CKD patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who attended Nephorology Clinic, UKMMC from April to May 2011. The progression of CKD was observed for 3 consecutive visits with 3 months intervals between the visits. Information regarding demographic data and social history were obtained through face-to-face interview, followed by case note review of the blood results. Data collected was analysed using SPSS version 19.0.ResultsA total of 201 respondents were investigated, which included 39.3% (n=79) female and 60.7% (n=122) male. The mean age for the respondents was 66.9 years old (±SD 9.00). Among the respondents, 71.5% had poor glycaemic control; 59.7% had poor blood pressure control; 65.2% had poor lipid control; 19.9% smoked and 3.5% consumed alcohol. There was poor correlation, there were statistically significant association between systolic blood pressure control with the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) (p=0.001; r=-0.229). From this research, high systolic blood pressure was associated with low GFR, which indicated poor kidney function and resulted in progression of CKD.ConclusionsThis study has clearly demonstrated that the control of blood pressure was essential in delaying the progression of CKD.


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How to Cite
Abdul Hamid, A. (2011). What Contributes to The Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease in Type 2 Diabetic Patients?. International Journal of Public Health Research, 1(1), 40-47. Retrieved from http://spaj.ukm.my/ijphr/index.php/ijphr/article/view/122
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