AbstractIntroductionMortality estimates are important parameters for health monitoring and are routinely used as evidence for health policy and planning. This study aimed to estimate the mortality component of Burden of Disease in Malaysia in 2008.MethodsThe 2008 mortality data from the Statistics Department were used to estimate cause-specific mortality (by age and sex) in Malaysia. Data were coded using the ICD10 (International Classification of Disease) coding. Calculation of mortality component of Burden of Disease (ie: Years of Life Lost (YLL) was done using the standard Global Burden of Disease Methodology.ResultsThe total estimated deaths in Malaysia in 2008 were 124,857, of which 72,202 (57.8%) were males. The total years of life lost (YLL) for the Malaysian population in 2008 was 1.51 million in which 0.92 million (60.7%) was among males. Almost three quarter (68%) of the burden of premature deaths resulted from non-communicable diseases, followed by communicable diseases (20%) and injury (12%). Among the top three leading causes of YLL were ischaemic heart disease (17.1%), stroke (9.6%) and road traffic injuries (8.3%).ConclusionsIn Malaysia, premature mortality mainly contributed by non-communicable diseases followed by communicable diseases and injury. A multi-agency collaboration is needed to prevent premature death and to improve quality of life.
Ruzicka LT, Lopez AD. The use of cause of death statistics for health situation assessment: national and international experiences. World Health Statistics Quarterly. 1990; 43:249-58.
Gardner JW, Sanborn JS. Years of potential life lost (YPLL) Epidemiology. 1990; 1:322-9.
Mathers CD, Vos T, Lopez AD, Salomon J, Ezzati M (ed.). National Burden of Disease Studies: A Practical Guide. Edition 2.0. Global Program on Evidence for Health Policy. Geneva: World Health Organization. 2001.
Rao C, Bradshaw D, Mathers CD. Improving death registration and statistics in developing countries: Lessons from sub-Saharan Africa. South African Journal of Demography. 1997; 9(2):79-97.
Department of Statistics Malaysia. Vital Statistics Time Series, Malaysia, 1963-1998. Kuala Lumpur: Department of Statistics Malaysia. 2002
World Health Organization. Mortality: guidelines for certification and rules for coding. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Health Related Problems - Tenth Revision. Vol. Volume 2: Instruction Manual. Geneva: World Health Organization. 1993.
Rao C, Lopez AD, Yang GH, Begg S, Ma J. Evaluating national cause-of-death statistics: principles and application to the case of China.Bull World Health Organ. 2005; 83(8):618-25.
World Health Organization. Global Burden of Disease Study. GBD 2005 Study Operations Manual – Final January 2009. [Cited 2011 March 31]. Available from http://www.globalburden.org/GBD_Study_Operations_Manual_Jan_20_2009.pdf .
Ngo AD, Rao C, Hoa NP, Adair T, Chuc NT. Mortality patterns in Vietnam, 2006: Findings from a national verbal autopsy survey. Biomed Central. 2010; Res Notes. 3: 78.
Khosravi A, Taylor R, Naghavi M, Lopez AD. Mortality in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1964-2004. Bull World Health Organ. 2007; 85(8):607-14.
World Health Organization. The Global Burden of Disease : 2004 Update. Switzerland: World Health Organization. 2008.
Lopez AD, Murray CC. The global burden of disease, 1990-2020. Nature Medicine. 1998; 4(11):1241-3.
World Health Organization. Preventing chronic diseases: a vital investment. Geneva: World Health Organization. 2005.
Cai L, Chongsuvivatwong V, Geater A. Changing pattern of premature mortality burden over 6 years of rapid growth of the economy in suburban south-west China: 1998–2003. Public Health. 2008; 122:478-86.
Yusoff AF, Mustafa AN, Kaur G, Omar MA, Vos T, Rao C. Malaysian Burden of Disease and Injury study. Kuala Lumpur : Ministry of Health. 2004.
Mathers CD, Lopez AD. Murray CJ. The Burden of Disease and Mortality by Condition: Data, Methods, and Results for 2001. In: Lopez, AD, Mathers CD. et al, eds. Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors. New York: World Bank and Oxford University Press. 2006.
Mathers CD, Vos ET, Stevenson CE, Begg SJ. The burden of disease and injury in Australia. Bull World Health Organ. 2001; 79(11):1076-84.
Health Informatics Centre, Ministry of Health Malaysia. Health Facts 2008. Putrajaya: Ministry of Health Malaysia. 2008.
Health Informatics Centre, Ministry of Health Malaysia. Health Facts 2008. Putrajaya: Ministry of Health Malaysia. 2009.
Health Informatics Centre, Ministry of Health Malaysia. Health Facts 2008. Putrajaya: Ministry of Health Malaysia. 2010.
Health Informatics Centre, Ministry of Health Malaysia. Health Facts 2008. Putrajaya: Ministry of Health Malaysia. 2012.
Murray CJL, and Lopez A. Mortality by cause for eight regions of the world: Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet. 1997; 349: 1269-76.
Non-communicable Disease Section, Ministry of Health Malaysia. National Strategic Plan for Non-Communicable Diseases. Putrajaya: Ministry of Health, 2010.
Kareem A. Review Of Global Menace Of Road Accidents With Special Reference To Malaysia-A Social Perspective. Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2003; 10(2): 31-9.
Riewpaiboon A. Economic burden of road traffic injuries: a micro-costing approach. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2008; 39(6):1139-49.
Rao C, Yang G, Hu J, Ma J, Xia W, Lopez A. Validation of cause-of-death statistics in urban China. Internation Journal of Epidemiology. 2007; 36(3):642-51.
Pattaraarchachai J, Rao C, Polprasert W, Porapakkham Y, Pao-in W, Singwerathum N, Lopez AD.Cause-specific mortality patterns among hospital deaths in Thailand: validating routine death certification. Population Health Metrics. 2010; 8:12.
Wang L, Yang G, Jiemin M, Rao C, Wan X, Dubrovsky G, Lopez A. Evaluation of the quality of cause of death statistics in rural China using verbal autopsies. Epidemiology Community Health. 2007; 61(6):519-26.
Polprasert W, Rao C, Adair T, Pattaraarchachai J, Porapakkham Y, Lopez AD.Cause-of-death ascertainment for deaths that occur outside hospitals in Thailand: application of verbal autopsy methods. Population Health Metrics. 2010; 8:13.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.