Undang-Undang Jagaan Kesihatan Ibu di Malaysia: Hak Pesakit Wanita di Hospital Kerajaan

Anisah Che Ngah, Azlinda Binti Baroni, Noraihan Mohd Noor

Abstract


Background: Women as patients is a normal phenomenon and the general provisions of patient rights are deemed applicable however, women as patients in maternity ward and labour room are specific matters involving specific treatments and care by special team of trained medical doctors, midwives and nurses in obstetrics and gynaecology areas of expertise. Hence, the importance of scutinising the relevant laws and legislations pertaining to the protection of female patients’ rights when they are utilising the maternity ward and labour room are fundamental in determining whether such rights exist in our healthcare services pertaining to pregnant women.

Objective: Specific focus is given towards government health policy on pregnant women and if any such policy gives impact or effect to the healthcare services rendered and if any such other guidelines exist to further enhance the quality of healthcare services provided thus far. 

Methods: Doctrinal research method is adopted with applying the empirical approach whereby interviews and a focus group discussion were held with the O&G specialist doctors and selected medical officer and staff nurses of Maternity Hospital Kuala Lumpur.

Result: The finding shows that there are already in placed a policy of the Ministry of Health Malaysia outlining the women patients’ rights in maternity ward and labour room. 

Conclusion:  The paper concludes that there is a need for a new policy to re-establish governance in maternity ward and to further enhance health care quality for women patients and to appropriately define the position of women patients’ rights in the government hospital’s maternity ward.

Keywords: healthcare laws, Ministry of Health Malaysia, obstetrics and gynaecology, women patient, government hospital maternity ward.


Keywords


healthcare laws, Ministry of Health Malaysia, obstetrics and gynaecology, women patient, government hospital maternity ward

Full Text:

PDF

References


CRC, Ministry of Health Malaysia, National Medical Care Survey (NMCS) 2014, “characteristics of primary care patients in Malaysia for 2014, Females accounted for the greater proportion (53.6%) of all encounters.”

Rekod Di Laporan Perbahasan Dewan Rakyat, ‘Legislative Council Debates, Official Report of the Second Legislative Council (Third Session) September 1957 To October 1958’.

CN Anisah, B. Azlinda, Z.A. Mahdy, The Development Of Health Care Legislation In Malaysia: An Overview, CLI Fakulti Undang-Undang UKM, vol. 1 2017

Sirajoon Noor Ghani, Hematram Yadav, Healthcare in Malaysia, University of Malaya Press, Kuala Lumpur, 2008

MALAYSIA–WHO Country Cooperation Strategy 2016–2020, 2017.

Commonwealth Health Online, Current Health Issues and Progress in Malaysia, 2015.

Malaysia Productivity Corporation, Healthcare Regulations in Malaysia, 2014, http://www.mpc.gov.my/.

Wartawan Sinar Harian, “Kementerian Kesihatan kuatkuasakan dua akta”,Dilaporkan pada 30-6-2017, http://www.sinarharian.com.my/mobile/nasional/kementerian-kesihatan-kuatkuasakan-dua-akta-1.695470.

Siti Naaishah Hambali, Solmaz Khodapanahandeh, ‘Review of Medical Malpractice Issues in Malaysia under Tort Litigation System’, Global Journal of Health Science. 2014; 6(4):76-83.doi:10.5539/gjhs.v6n4p76 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4825259/.

Puteri Nemie Jahn Kassim, Khadijah Mohd Najid, ‘The causes and implications of obstetric malpractice’, International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4(3), 2015, www.sciencepubco.com/index.php/IJBAS

Anwarul Yaqin, “Law and Society in Malaysia”, International Law Books Services, Kuala Lumpur, 1996.

Siti Zubaidah Ismail, ‘Kecuaian Perubatan Menurut Undang-Undang Tort Dan Autoriti Mengenainya Dari Sudut Syariah / Medical Negligence According to The Law of Tort and Its Authority from the Shariah’, Jurnal Syariah, Jil. 19, Bil. 2 (2011) 133-162.

Wartawan Sinar Harian, “Cuai: Doktor diarah bayar ganti rugi RM312, 500’, Dilaporkan pada 10-9- 2015, http://www.sinarharian.com.my/semasa/cuai-doktor-diarah-bayar-ganti-rugi-rm312-500-1.429446.

1 MLJ 593

MPM - Malaysian Medical Council, www.mmc.gov.my/.

https://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=39154 “Patient: A person under health care. The person may be waiting for this care or may be receiving it or may have already received it. There is considerable lack of agreement about the precise meaning of the term "patient." It is diversely defined as, for examples: A person who requires medical care. A person receiving medical or dental care or treatment. A person under a physician's care for a particular disease or condition. A person who is waiting for or undergoing medical treatment and care. An individual who is receiving needed professional services that are directed by a licensed practitioner of the healing arts toward maintenance, improvement or protection of health or lessening of illness, disability or pain. (US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services); A sick, injured or wounded soldier who receives medical care or treatment from medically trained personnel. (US Army Medical Command); From the Latin verb "patior" meaning "to suffer" both in the sense of feeling pain and in the sense of forbearance. Thus, the two uses of the word "patient" -- as a noun denoting "someone who suffers" and as an adjective meaning "to bear with forbearance" -- stem from the same origin.”.

Kamus Dewan, Edisi Keempat, 2013.

United Nations, http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/.

Majlis Perubatan Malaysia, “Penguatkuasaan Akta Perubtan (Pindaan) 2012 Dan Peraturan-Peraturan Perubatan 2017 pada 1 Julai 2017”, Senarai Edaran bertarikh 30-6-2017, http://fpmpam.org/files/20170707102518587.pdf.

Kata Aluan OPOGS, 2010.

Medical Officer atau Pegawai Perubatan yang merupakan doktor di bahagian O&G tetapi bukan doktor pakar O&G.

Sirajoon Noor Ghani, Hematram Yadav, ‘‘Health Care in Malaysia”, 2008, University Malaya Press, Kuala Lumpur.

Malaysian Medical Council, Ethical Codes & Guidelines, http://www.mmc.gov.my/index.php/ethical-code-guidelines, 2017.

Saudi Commission for Health Specialties Department of Medical Education & Postgraduate Studies, “Profesionalism and Ethics Handbook for Residence”, 2015.

Puteri Nemie Jahn Kassim, Khadijah Mohd Najid, ‘Obstetrics & Gynaecology Malpractice Cases in Malaysia - Trends and Challenges’, 24th Asian & Oceanic Congress of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 2015 (AOCOG 2015), 3rd-6th June 2015, Borneo Convention Centre, Kuching, Sarawak. (Unpublished), URL: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/43695.

Wartawan BH, “RM20 juta setahun bayar ganti rugi kepada pesakit”, Timbalan Menteri Kesihatan, Dilaporkan pada 4 November 2017, https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/nasional/2017/11/346388/rm20-juta-setahun-bayar-ganti-rugi-kepada-pesakit.

Wartawan akhbar The Star, ‘Brain damaged girl awarded RM3mil’, Dilaporkan pada 5 Mac 2015, http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2015/03/05/brain-damaged-girl-awarded-rm3mil-new/.

Wartawan Borneo Post, ‘Medical negligence: 9-year-old girl awarded RM2.78 million’, Dilaporkan pada 7 Jun 2014, http://www.theborneopost.com/2014/06/07/medical-negligence-9-year-old-girl-awarded-rm2-78 million/

Wartawan My News Hub, ‘Kakak dakwa doktor cuai sebabkan kematian bayi’, Dilaporkan pada 9 September 2016, http://www.mynewshub.cc/terkini/kakak-dakwa-doktor-cuai-sebabkan-kematian-bayi/ Kakak Dakwa Doktor Cuai Sebabkan Kematian Bayi.

Wartawan Edisi Viral, ‘Terkilan dan kecewa dengan kecuaian doktor’, Dilaporkan pada 19 Oktober 2015, http://www.edisiviral.com/news/terkilan-dan-kecewa-dengan-kecuaian-doktor-p-hospital-a-g-disuruh-balik-walaupun-ada-tanda-bersalin-sampai-anak-mati-dalam-kandungan-yana-samsudin?uid=12771

Lapuran Blog Rakyat, http://dialograkyat.blogspot.my/2009/10/hospital-cuai-bayi-saya-dilahirkan.html. dan Wartawan Malaysiakini, Dilaporkan pada 5 Oktober 2009, http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/114249.

Disiarkan dimedia maya, “Wanita Ini Lumpuh Selepas Bersalin Akibat Kecuaian Doktor Pelatih. Saraf Tunjang Rosak Kerana Epidural!”, http://viralklik.blogspot.com/2016/05/wanita-ini-lumpuh-selepas-bersalin.html. ; Laporan media sosial, 5 Julai 2015, http://beritahavoc.blogspot.my/2015/07/kisah-memeritkan-wanita-ini-lumpuh.html.

Wartawan Sinar Harian, Laporan pada 19 Oktober 2015, http://www.sinarharian.com.my/edisi/utara/ibu-muda-dakwa-doktor-cuai-1.441882.

Puteri Nemie Jahn Kassim, Khadijah Mohd Najid, ‘The causes and implications of obstetric malpractice’, International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4(3), 2015, www.sciencepubco.com/index.php/IJBAS

Laporan Utusan Online, “RM7 juta dibayar untuk kes kecuaian perubatan”, Dilaporkan pada 24 Julai 2009,

www.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2009&dt.

Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia, http://www.moh.gov.my/index.php/pages/view/1494

Meltem Demirgöz Bal et al., “Muslim women choice for gender of obstetricians and gynecologist in Turkey”, Journal of Human Sciences, 2014, Vol 11, https://www.jhumansciences.com/ojs/index.php/IJHS/article/view/2873/1320.

Wartawan The Star, “Hilmi: Govt plans to have only women doctors delivering babies”, Laporan akhbar the Star pada 28 Jun 2016. http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2016/06/28/govt-thinking-of-having-only-women-doctors-deliver/#C6meQxxPbmf5WTUL.99.

Laporan KKM, ‘COUNTRY HEALTH PLAN MINISTRY OF HEALTH 10th Malaysia Plan 2011-2015’, dimukasurat 44.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Azlinda Binti Baroni

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.