Overweight and Obesity among School-Aged Adolescents in Yaounde (Cameroon)

H. Blaise Nguendo Yongsi

Abstract


Context: Overweight and obesity are a major public health problem due to its association with serious chronic diseases. Concerning childhood overweight/obesity, its rise in developing countries is so that there is a need to provide more evidence on its burden and associated factors in order to set preventive measures. Objective: This study was designed to know the prevalence and related factors of overweight and obesity amongst adolescents in Yaoundé- Cameroon, and to draw their epidemiological profile. Methods: This is a cross-sectional randomized epidemiological study among adolescents in school settings, with the use of quantitative methods. A total number of 252 adolescents aged from 10years-18years from 12 secondary institutions had participated in this study. Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 13.6% and 4.3% respectively. Results revealed that practices associated with overweight and obesity are increase in age (R = 0.42, p < 0.001), female gender (p < 0.001). Also, the use of bikes, cars or buses to go to school compared to walking (OR: 0.26; CI: 0.14 – 0.64; p = 0.0026) increase the risk of being overweight or obese. After adjusting the multivariable logistic model for age and sex with our study variables, it reveals that the odds of being obese for those who consume alcohol once a week were nine fold higher than that of those who consumed 2-5 times a week (OR: 9.37; CI: 1.34 to 193.41). Conclusion: This results show that there is a need for health education in schools so as to help in health promotion and prevention, therefore avoid chronic disease conditions at older ages.


Keywords


Prevalence, risks factors, obesity, overweight, adolescents, Yaoundé, Cameroon

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