AbstractSelf-medication, the unsolicited use of prescription and over the counter (OTC) drugs, is practiced all over the world, particularly in countries like Bangladesh. So, this study is focused on the prevalence and attitude and knowledge about various aspects of self-medication with painkillers among students of selected residential university of Dhaka, Bangladesh. To assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of students about self prescribed painkillers. It is a cross-sectional interview based study. The study population was the students of the university who lives in halls. Total number of respondents was 209. Every respondent both male (105) and female (104) have reported that they had practiced self-medication with painkillers for their both acute and chronic pain like headache, menstrual cramp, back/muscle/joint pain etc. Drugs commonly used by the male students were Napa (19.6%), Paracetamol (12.9%), Etorix (6.2%), ACE (10.0%) HPR ds(10.0%), Rolac(9.6%) etc. The main sources of information were advised from manager of the pharmacy (36.8%), self-decision (16.7%), media (12.0%) and advice from friends/relatives (23.0%). The prime factors that influenced students to try self -medicated painkillers were dissatisfaction toward medical center in the area (23.9%), cost effectiveness (20.6%), unavailability of medical facilities (11.5%) etc. Awareness toward the side effects of painkillers among students were 64 of the respondents reported that they have no clear idea. Dependency on painkiller for pain management was (M=32 and F=48). Attitude toward self-medicated painkillers among students were 41.1% of them have reported that they think its okay to use in an emergency.
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