Metodologi Ulama dalam Asbab al-Nuzul al-Quran

Mohd Nazri Ahmad

Abstract


Metodologi Ulama dalam Asbab al-Nuzul al-Quran

Abstrak

Asbab al-Nuzul merupakan kombinasi terpenting dalam pentafsiran al-Qur’an. Ulama-ulama Islam dari dahulu hingga sekarang amat menitik berat tentang ilmu ini. Berbagai-bagai karya telah dihasilkan oleh ulama mengenai ilmu Asbab al-Nuzul ini. Artikel ini akan membincangkan mengenai karya-karya Asbab al-Nuzul serta metodologi penulisnya di dalam kitab-kitab mereka. Hasil kajian telah mendapati bahawa kebanyakan karya-karya berkaitan Asbab al-Nuzul lebih menumpukan kepada takhrij hadith dan menjelaskan kedudukan riwayat-riwayat tersebut. Amat jarang perbincangan terfokus kepada kaitan riwayat dengan tafsiran. Amat perlu kajian berkaitan Asbab al-Nuzul ini ditumpukan kepada peranannya dalam mentafsirkan ayat-ayat al-Qur’an dan kesannya terhadap hukum fiqh.

 

The Methodology of Muslim Scholars in the Science of Asbab al-Nuzul

Abstract

Asbab al-Nuzul is an essential combination in the Quran exegesis. Previous and nowadays Islamic scholar taking this knowledge into a serious matter. The previous scholars had produced many manuscripts regarding the science of Asbab al-Nuzul. This article aims to discuss manuscripts of Asbab al-Nuzul and the author’s methodology. This paper provides a comprehensive discussion using literature review method. The research finding shows that most of Asbab al-Nuzul’s manuscripts focus more on takhrij hadith (references of hadith) and clarifying the status of narration. There were fewer studies done focusing on narration and exegesis. Therefore, the science of Asbab al-Nuzul must attain the urgency in Quranic exegesis and the implication towards Islamic law.


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References


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