Nicholas Gani



Most of what is presently known about megalithic remains in Sarawak have come from research conducted in the Kelabit Highlands, in the Upper Baram. Another area in the Upper Baram where megalithic remains are known to be present is Punang Kelapang, south of the Kelabit Highlands. Compared to their counterparts in the Kelabit Highlands, however, much less is known about the megalithic remains in Punang Kelapang. In order to obtain more information about the megaliths in Punang Kelapang, an archaeological survey was conducted over a period of about five-and-a-half weeks in March, April and August 2016. This article presents the results of the survey. A total of twenty megalithic sites were recorded, out of which fourteen were visited. The megaliths in Punang Kelapang consist of megalithic cemeteries such as dolmens, stone jars, stone trough, cist graves, and rock burials; and non-cemetery megaliths such as stone mounds, carved stones and a standing stone. 

Keywords: Megalith, archaeology, Baram, Sarawak, Borneo



Sehingga kini, apa yang diketahui tentang tinggalan megalitik di Sarawak kebanyakannya adalah hasil daripada kajian-kajian terdahulu yang telah dijalankan di kawasan Kelabit Highlands, di Ulu Baram. Satu lagi kawasan di Ulu Baram di mana batu-batu megalit diketahui wujud adalah Punang Kelapang, di selatan Kelabit Highlands. Jika dibandingkan dengan batu-batu megalit di Kelabit Highlands, tidak banyak yang diketahui tentang batu-batu megalit di Punang Kelapang. Bagi mendapatkan lebih banyak lagi data berkenaan batu-batu megalit di Punang Kelapang, satu survei telah dijalankan dalam tempoh lebih lima minggu pada Mac, April dan Ogos 2016. Makalah ini membentangkan hasil survei tersebut. Sebanyak dua puluh tapak megalit telah direkodkan. Daripada jumlah ini, empat belas tapak telah dilawati. Batu-batu megalit di Punang Kelapang boleh dibahagikan kepada tapak perkuburan megalit seperti dolmen, tempayan atau keranda batu, kubur kepingan batu, dan pengkebumian di batuan semulajadi. Selain itu, terdapat juga batu-batu megalit seperti timbunan batu, batu berukir dan batu tegak.

Kata kunci: Megalit, arkeologi, Baram, Sarawak, Borneo

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