Methodology of Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), Malaysia, 2011

  • Azahadi Omar Institut Kesihatan Umum, Jalan Bangsar, 50590 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Keywords: Global Adult Tobacco Survey - Tobacco control - Malaysia.

Abstract

IntroductionMalaysia participated in the second phase of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) in 2011. GATS, a new component of the Global Tobacco Surveillance System, is a nationally representative household survey of adults 15 years old or above. The objectives of GATS Malaysia were to (i) systematically monitor tobacco use among adults and track key indicators of tobacco control and (ii) track the implementation of some of the Framework Convention of Tobacco Control (FCTC)-recommended demand related policies.MethodsGATS Malaysia 2011 was a nationwide cross-sectional survey using multi-stage stratified sampling to select 5112 nationally representative households. One individual aged 15 years or older was randomly chosen from each selected household and interviewed using handheld device. GATS Core Questionnaire with optional questions was pre-tested and uploaded into handheld devices after repeated quality control processes. Data collectors were trained through a centralized training. Manuals and picture book were prepared to aid in the training of data collectors and during data collection. Field-level data were aggregated on a daily basis and analysed twice a week. Quality controls were instituted to ensure collection of high quality data. Sample weighting and analysis were conducted with the assistance of researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA. ResultsGATS Malaysia received a total response rate of 85.3% from 5112 adults surveyed. Majority of the respondents were 25-44 years old and Malays.ConclusionsThe robust methodology used in the GATS Malaysia provides national estimates for tobacco used classified by socio-demographic characteristics and reliable data on various dimensions of tobacco control.  

References

Global Adult Tobacco Survey. [Cited 2012 October 20]. Available from http://www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/gats/en/index.html.

MPOWER. [Cited 2012 October 20]. Available from http://www.who.int/tobacco/mpower/en/ .

Global Adult Tobacco Survey Collaborative Group. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) : Country Engagement Process Version 2.0. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010.

Global Adult Tobacco Survey Collaborative Group. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS): Sample Design Manual, Version 2.0. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010

Global Adult Tobacco Survey Collaborative Group. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS): Core Questionnaire with Optional Questions, Version 2.0. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010.

RTI International. The General Survey System (GSS): A Mobile Technologies System for Collecting and Managing Study Data [Cited 2012 October 15]. Available from http://www.rti.org/pubs/apha10_medeiros_pres.pdf.

Global Adult Tobacco Survey Collaborative Group. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS): Programmer’s Guide to General Survey System Manual, Version 2.0. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010.

Global Adult Tobacco Survey Collaborative Group. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS): Field Interviewer Manual, Version 2.0. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010.

Global Adult Tobacco Survey Collaborative Group. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS): Field Supervisor Manual, Version 2.0. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010.

Global Adult Tobacco Survey Collaborative Group. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS): Question-by-Question Specifications, Version 2.0. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010.

Global Adult Tobacco Survey Collaborative Group. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS): Sample Weights Manual, Version 2.0. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010.

Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO). Malaysia Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2003. United States: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2003.

Caban-Martinez AJ, Clarke TC, Davila EP, Fleming LE, Lee DJ. Application of handheld devices to field research among underserved construction worker populations: a workplace health assessment pilot. Environmental Health.2011; 10:27. doi:10.1186/1476-069X-10-27.

Seebregts CJ, Zwarenstein M, Mathews C, Fairall L, Flisher AJ, Seebregts C, Mukoma W, Klepp K. Handheld computers for survey and trial data collection in resource-poor settings: Development and evaluation of PDACT, a PalmTMPilot interviewing system. International Journal of Medical Informatics. 2009; 78:721-31. doi:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2008.10.006.

Sameer J Pujari, Krishna M Palipudi, Jeremy Morton, Jay Levinsohn, Steve Litavecz, Michael Green. Electronic Data Collection and Management System for Global Adult Tobacco Survey. Online Journal of Public Health Informatics [Online] 4:2. Available: http://www.firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/ojphi/article/view/4190/3322.

Institute for Public Health (IPH). Findings of the National Hearing and Ear Disorders Survey. Kuala Lumpur: Ministry of Health, 2009.

Institute for Public Health (IPH). National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS III) 2006, Vol 1. Kuala Lumpur: Ministry of Health, 2008.

Institute for Public Health (IPH). National Health and Morbidity Survey 2011 (NHMS 2011), Vol 1: Methodology and General Findings. Kuala Lumpur: Ministry of Health, 2011.

Published
2013-09-01
How to Cite
Omar, A. (2013). Methodology of Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), Malaysia, 2011. International Journal of Public Health Research, 3(2), 297-305. Retrieved from https://spaj.ukm.my/ijphr/index.php/ijphr/article/view/169
Section
Public Health Research Articles