Profile of Patients Referred to a Specialist Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology Unit

  • Suraya Hani Mohd Sinon Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur.
Keywords: Biopsy cases - Oral and maxillofacial diseases - Prevalence.

Abstract

IntroductionThe aim of this study was to determine the profile of patients referred to a specialist oral medicine and oral pathology unit in Kuala Lumpur by reviewing clinical dental records received in Oral Pathology Diagnostic Service (OPDS) in Faculty of Dentistry, UKM from 2001 until 2010.MethodsA total of 547 archival biopsy clinical dental records were reviewed and analysed using SPSS version 17.0.ResultsOral and maxillofacial diseases were frequently seen in female (1.3:1), young adults (30.0%) of Malay ethnicity (64.6%). Most of the acquired specimens were from dental specialists (n=451, 84.8%), particularly from oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMFS) (n=349, 63.8%) compared to general dental practitioners (GDPs) (n=81, 14.8%). Almost all of the biopsy specimens were of soft tissue origin (n=462, 84.4%), derived from lining mucosa (n=197, 36.0%) and were biopsied excisionally (n=325, 59.4%) more often than by incisional biopsy (n=207, 37.8%). A large proportion of the oral and maxillofacial diseases were of reactive (n=188, 34.4%) and inflammatory (n=121, 22.1%) cause. Tumours are mainly benign (n=69, 12.6%) with only small cases are malignant (n=34, 6.2%). The most common histological diagnoses were accounted by mucocele (n=56, 10.2%), pyogenic granuloma (n=47, 8.6%), fibroepithelial polyp (n=38, 6.9%), radicular cyst (n=33, 6.0%) and periapical granuloma (n=29, 5.3%).ConclusionsThis study characterizes the clinical profile of patients seen in our oral medicine and oral pathology unit. Present findings can be used as a reference to the clinicians and pathologists in effective patient management and organization in the future.  

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Published
2013-09-01
How to Cite
Mohd Sinon, S. H. (2013). Profile of Patients Referred to a Specialist Oral Medicine and Oral Pathology Unit. International Journal of Public Health Research, 3(2), 325-333. Retrieved from https://spaj.ukm.my/ijphr/index.php/ijphr/article/view/172
Section
Public Health Research Articles