Lifestyle Practices and Its Influence on Quality Of Life among Breast Cancer Survivors


  • Zoharah Omar Department of Professional Development & Continuing Education, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor.


Lifestyle practices - quality of life - breast cancer survivors.



Breast cancer is ranked number one from the ten most frequent cancers in female, Peninsular Malaysia. Various studies provide negative evidence on malignancies and one of the end results is impaired quality of life (QOL). Studies show lifestyle approaches are key factors in enhancing the QOL among cancer survivors. The purpose of this study is to describe the lifestyle practices (LP) among breast cancer survivors (BCS) which consist of dietary intake, exercise habits, and stress management and to determine whether these practices have influence on the QOL among Malaysian BCS.


This study adopts a cross-sectional study design using a self-administered questionnaire. A total of 280 BCS from public and private hospitals throughout Peninsular Malaysia had participated. The questionnaire covers QOL and LP items which consist of dietary intake (consumption of high-fat food, high-fibre food, fruits and vegetables), exercise habits, and stress management. Descriptive statistics and one-way ANOVA were used to determine the relationship between LP and QOL.


Mean age of the study sample was at 41 (SD=7.37). Majority of them were Malay (74%), 53% were diagnosed with breast cancer between 1 to 2 years whereas 54% were presented with stage 2 at diagnosis. There was a statistically significant difference (p<.05) in the overall quality of life score for the three LP groups (Better, No change, Worse).


Malaysians’ BCS reported an improvement in LP and the enhancement in LP may result to better QOL outcomes.



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How to Cite

Omar, Z. (2014). Lifestyle Practices and Its Influence on Quality Of Life among Breast Cancer Survivors. International Journal of Public Health Research, 4(1), 376–383. Retrieved from