ASSESSMENT OF INFECTION CONTROL AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS IN HEALTHCARE CENTERS SANA'A ,YEMEN
Introduction : An Analysis of a Survey Questionnaire on Healthcare Workersâ€™ knowledge and practices regarding of infection control and complains them to apply universal precautions. Health care Workers are at substantial risk of acquiring blood borne pathogen infections through exposure to blood or other products of patients.
Objective:Â To assess ofÂ Infection control among healthcareÂ workers in Sana'a Â healthcare centers,Yemen.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the health center to assess knowledge and practices regarding of infection control among 237 health workers in Sana,a city . Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20 and the associations were tested with chi-square, with p-value of < 0.05.
Results: The Health care Workers Â in public centers was (51.1%) and (48.9%) of them works in private centers. One hundred and seventeen (49.4 %) respondents had poor infection control knowledge, 113 (43.5%) had fair knowledge, and 17 (7.2%) had good knowledge. The knowledge was significantly associated with type of center (P < 0.018), such that the public center had the highest proportion with poor knowledge. And nurses and midwife having the highest proportion with fair knowledge of infection control. Eight (3.4%) respondents had a poor practice of universal precautions, 93 (39.2%) had fair practice, and 136 (57.4%) good practice. The practice was significantly associated with the profession, level of education and work experience (P < 0.001), (P < 0.006), (P < 0.001) respectively, and nurses and midwife Â as the profession with the highest proportion with good practice.
Conclusion: We conclude that the practices and knowledge of universal precautions were low and that's need for intensive programmes to educate health care workers on various aspects of standard precautions and infection control programmes and policies.
Key Words: Health care Â workers, Knowledge, practice, Universal precaution, Health center.