Analisis Aplikasi Pendekatan Tafsīr Bi Al-Ma’thūr Di Dalam Majalah Dabiq Terbitan Kumpulan ISIS - Tinjauan Awal

Pg. Ahmad Hasanuddin Pg. Tejudin, Mohd Faizulamri Mohd Saad, Muhammad Uzair Izham

Abstract


Analisis Aplikasi Pendekatan Tafsīr Bi Al-Ma’thūr Di Dalam Majalah Dabiq Terbitan Kumpulan ISIS - Tinjauan Awal

 

Tafsīr Bi al-Ma’thūr merupakan kaedah penafsiran utama di dalam bidang Tafsir. Rentetan daripada penerbitan majalah Dabiq oleh Kumpulan Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) yang dilihat mengandungi naratif berunsurkan keganasan menggunakan tafsiran ayat-ayat al-Quran. Oleh yang demikian, kajian ini dijalankan bertujuan untuk membuat tinjauan awal di dalam menganalisis aplikasi pendekatan Tafsīr Bi al-Ma’thūr terhadap ayat-ayat al-Quran yang terdapat di dalam majalah tersebut. Reka bentuk kualitatif menggunakan kaedah pendekatan analisis kandungan (content analysis) digunakan dalam kajian ini sebagai metode kajian. Hasil kajian mendapati, terdapat pendekatan Tafsīr Bi al-Ma’thūr digunakan oleh ISIS di dalam majalah tersebut. Walaubagaimanapun, jika melihat kepada konteks tafsiran ayat-ayat tersebut, ia telah digunakan sebagai justifikasi untuk menyeru kepada hijrah, jihad, menumpahkan darah dan menubuhkan Khilafah. Ini sekaligus menunjukkan bahawa pendekatan Tafsīr Bi al-Ma’thūr saja belum mencukupi untuk memastikan sebuah konteks tafsiran itu terhindar daripada kesalahan. Justeru, pengkaji mencadangkan kajian lanjutan dijalankan untuk membuat perbandingan dengan karya Tafsīr Bi al-Ma’thūr yang terpilih bagi melihat sejauhmana kesinambungan tradisi Tafsīr Bi al-Ma’thūr yang diaplikasikan di dalam majalah Dabiq ini adakah ianya bertepatan dengan karya Tafsīr Bi al-Ma’thūr yang sedia ada ataupun ia hanya menepati satu sudut saja tetapi berbeza dari sudut yang lain bagi membenarkan ideologi ISIS tersebut.

 

An Analysis of the Tafsīr Bil Ma'thūr Approach in Dabiq Magazine

Published by ISIS - A Preliminary Review

 

Tafsīr Bi al-Ma’thūr is the primary tafsīr method in the field of tafsīr (Quranic exegesis). Dabiq magazine, a publication of Islamic State of Iraq and Sham (ISIS), has been found to contain narratives on violence with support from Quranic verses. This study seeks to preliminarily analyse the application of Tafsīr Bi al-Ma’thūr to the Quranic verses cited in the magazine. This qualitative study employed the content analysis method. The results of the analysis evinced that Tafsīr Bi al-Ma’thūr was applied by ISIS in their magazine. However, the contextual interpretations of those verses to justify hijrah, jihad, bloodshed, and the establishment of the Khilafah (Caliphate) have demonstrated that using the Tafsīr Bi al-Ma’thūr approach alone is insufficient to prevent contextual misinterpretation. Thus, the researcher suggests future studies to compare the current analysis on Dabiq magazine with other selected works that utilise the Tafsīr Bil Ma’thūr method. The purpose of such studies would be to explore the continuity of the Tafsīr Bil Ma’thūr tradition in Dabiq magazine whether its application entirely conforms with existing Tafsīr Bil Ma’thūr works or only in one aspect to justify the ISIS ideology. 


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