The ABS effect  on PVC / ABS  blends properties

The acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene effect as an impact modifier on poly(vinyl chloride) / acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (PVC/ABS) blends properties

Fatma Zohra Benabid, Foued Zouai


PVC/ABS blends show a very important commercial consideration due to the complementarities of the properties of the base polymers, such as a good resistance to impact strength and a dimensional stability at high temperatures. The aim of this study is to investigate the behavior of these blends by performing a thermal and mechanical characterization of samples prepared using a plastograph. The torque at equilibrium portion obtained from the plastograms was plotted versus different temperatures. The intersection of the curves of the two polymers represents an optimum processing temperature. The obtained results showed a phase inversion between the two polymers and a synergism effect on the mechanical properties. However, the maximum impact strength was obtained at 75 (wt %) of ABS. Finally an increase of the ABS concentration in the blend decreased its hardness.


Blends, PVC, ABS, impact modifier, mechanical properties.

Full Text:



L. M. Matuana, “Hybrid PVC/wood-reinforcement nanocomposites and method of manufacture,” U.S. Patent 7897,681, 2011.

F. Mengeloglu, L. M. Matuana, and J. A. King, “Effects of impact modifiers on the properties of rigid PVC/wood-fiber composites,” J. Vinyl Addit Technol, vol. 6, pp. 153-157, 2000.

S. Rimdusit, S. Damrongsakkul, D. Atthakorn, D. Saramas, and S. Tiptipakorn, “Mechanical, thermal, and water uptake characteristics of woodflour-filled polyvinyl chloride/acrylonitrile butadiene styrene blends,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., vol. 124, pp. 943-950, 2012.

X. Y. Bai, Q. W. Wang, S. J. Sui, and C. S. Zhang, “The effects of wood-flour on combustion and thermal degradation behaviors of PVC in wood-flour/poly(vinyl chloride) composites,” J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol., vol. 91, pp. 34-39, 2011. doi: 10.1016/j.jaap.2011.02.009

S. Rimdusit, S. Damrongsakkul, P. Wongmanit, D. Saramas, and S. Tiptipakorn, “Characterization of coconut fiber-filled polyvinyle chloride/acrylonitrile styrene acrylate blends,” J. Reinf. Plast. Compos., vol. 30, pp. 1691-1720, 2011. doi: 10.1177/0731684411427484.

A. Hassan and B. Haworth, “Impact properties of acrylate rubber-modified PVC: influence of temperature,” J. Mater. Proc. Technol., vol. 172, pp. 341-345, 2006. doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2005.07.015.

H. Mekki and M. Belbachir, “Preparation of vinyl chloride-vinyl ether copolymers via partial etherification from PVC Express Polym. Lett., vol. 1, pp. 495-498, 2007. doi: 10.3144/expresspolymlett.2007.70.

C. Liu, Y. F. Luo, Z. X. Jia, B. C. Zhong, S. Q. Li, B. C. Guo, and D. M. Jia, “Enhancement of mechanical properties of poly(vinyl chloride) with polymethyl methacrylate-grafted halloysite nanotube,” Express Polym. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 591-603, 2011. doi: 10.3144/expresspolymlett.2011.58.

Campo, E. Alfredo, The Complete Part Design Handbook, Hanser, 2006.

Maiti, S. N., Saroop, U. K., and Misra, A. (1992). “Studies on Polyblends of Poly(vinyl Chloride) and Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Terpolymer.” Polymer Engineering and Science. 32. 27-35.

Jin, D.W. H, Shon, K. H., Kim, B. K., and Jeong, H. M. (1998). “Compatibility Enhancement of ABS/PVC Blends.” Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 70. 705-709.

Bensemra, N. B. and Bedda, A. (2001). Study of the Properties of PVC/ABS Blends. Macromolecule Symposia. 176: 145-153.

Baijun Liu, Yinglin Wang, Yuan Gao, Rui Zhong, Fucai Zhang, Mingyao Zhang and Huixuan Zhang, Effect of the matrix plasticization behavior on mechanical properties of PVC/ABS blends, J Polym Eng , 2017; 37(3): 239–245.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Call for Submissions

We welcome submissions for the coming issue that will be officially published in March 2022. We are committed to providing results of reviewing within two weeks, and publishing the paper within one month from the submission date (subjected to responses by authors). This means accepted papers will be available online even before the issue is published officially.

Publons Partners

Journal of Polymer Science and Technology (JPST) is now one of Publons Partners. This means biodata of reviewers in Publons will be automatically updated once reviewing on articles submitted to JPST is completed (subjected to terms and conditions).

How to promote journal articles

Promoting your journal article is imperative to maximise the exposure, enhance the discoverability and increase engagement with readers and other academics. Together with the publisher, as an author, you can help to promote your newly published articles via the following:

1) Institutional webpage.
Provide the link of your latest article in your institutional website. The webpage visitors who view your profile will be able to see your latest research and publications.

2) Social media.
The rise of the social media has also profoundly affected the publishing fraternity. More and more users have chosen the social media platforms as a way of sharing. Social media sharing helps foster convenient dissemination of information, which can be achieved within a short time. You can share your article in major online social media platforms including Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn and so on.

3) Utilise scholarly networking and reference platforms.
A scholarly or academic networking platforms such as, MyNetResearch, ResearchGate, Mendeley and so on are indeed useful as they help bring scholars of common areas of expertise close together.

4) Press Releases.
If your article involves a new, significant or important discovery, consider linking up with media organisations for a press release. This brings your work to the mainstream media.

5) Blog.
If you keep a personal blog, you can get your blog readers updated with the list of your most recently published articles and the development in your area of research. Linking your article in your personal blog can vastly enhance the discoverability. Discuss briefly about the article and how the users might benefit from it.

6) Add to reading list or assignment.
Add your article (or the journal your article is published) as essential reading to your students. You may also create related assignments, e.g. review of the article, or have them discussed about the write up in class.

7) Add to your signature.
Announce your latest publication underneath your signature. Provide a link where the article can be downloaded/viewed.