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Penggunaan Gel Polimer Super Penyerap dalam Pengekstrakan Minyak Kelapa Dara melalui Fermentasi Semulajadi

Amirul Arif Samlin, Rusli Daik


Penyelidikan ini dijalankan untuk mengkaji kesan penambahan gel polimer super penyerap (SAP) ke atas pengekstrakkan minyak kelapa dara (VCO) secara fermentasi semulajadi. Gel polimer super penyerap ini dihasilkan menggunakan kaedah penyinaran gelombang mikro dengan kehadiran natrium hidroksida (NaOH) dam kalium persulfat (KPS) sebagai pemula. Manakala N,N-metilena bisakrilamida (MBA) digunakan sebagai agen taut silang. Sampel yang terhasil telah dicirikan dan dianalisis dengan menggunakan Mikroskop Imbasan Elektron (SEM), Spektroskopi Inframerah Transformasi Fourier (FTIR) dan Analisis Termogravimetri (TGA). Analisis FTIR menunjukkan kehadiran kumpulan berfungsi amida dengan isyarat yang kuat pada puncak 1562 cm-1, 1658 cm-1 dan 3185 cm-1. TGA pula menunjukkan bahawa sampel ini mempunyai tahap kestabilan terma yang tinggi. Mikrograf SEM membuktikan terdapat liang-liang di permukaan gel polimer yang berukuran lebih kurang 1 - 2 mikron yang sangat sesuai untuk proses penyerapan. Penggunaan gel polimer ini didapati mempercepatkan pemisahan minyak dan air serta meningkatkan perolehan minyak .


polimer super penyerap; penyinaran gelombang mikro; akrilamida; minyak kelapa dara; gel polimer

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