Cover Image

Poly(vinylidene fluoride) nanofiber membrane with polypropylene support layer as a lithium-ion battery membrane

Davoud Amini, Erfan Oliaei, Mehdi Rajabi-Hamane, Hossein Mahdavi


This work aims at preparation of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVdF) nanofiber membranes using electrospinning along with the use of polypropylene (PP) spunbonded non-woven fabric as its support for enhancing mechanical properties. Morphology and size of the membranes are studied by the scanning electron microscopy and optimum diameter of nanofibers are obtained by adjusting of electrospinning control factors. The tensile strength of the membrane increases from 39.67 to 52.75 MPa with the increase of spinning time from 1.5 to 2.0h. The studies of tensile behavior of membranes display that PP spunbonded fabric increases the tensile strength of prepared membranes. Thermal stability of the prepared membranes was determined using the TGA method and the dimensional stability was investigated by the measuring of shrinkage ratio at 105˚C. Shrinkage ratio, electrolyte uptake level and electrical resistance of the prepared membrane indicate its potential for battery separators.


lithium-ion battery; membrane; electrospinning; poly(vinylidene fluoride) fibrous separator; polypropylene spunbonded fabric support

Full Text:



M. Yanilmaz, M. Dirican, and X. Zhang, “Evaluation of electrospun SiO2/nylon 6,6 nanofiber membranes as a thermally-stable separator for lithium-ion batteries,” Electrochim. Acta, vol. 133, no. 0, pp. 501–508, Jul. 2014.

W. Li, Y. Wu, J. Wang, D. Huang, L. Chen, and G. Yang, “Hybrid gel polymer electrolyte fabricated by electrospinning technology for polymer lithium-ion battery,” Eur. Polym. J., vol. 67, no. 0, pp. 365–372, Jun. 2015.

D Amini, E. Oliaei, M. Rajabi-Hamane, and H. Mahdavi, “Polyvinylidene fluoride nanofiber coated polypropylene nonwoven fabric as a membrane for lithium-ion batteries,” FIBER POLYM, vol. 18, 2017, in press.

K. Hwang, B. Kwon, and H. Byun, “Preparation of PVdF nanofiber membranes by electrospinning and their use as secondary battery separators,” J. Memb. Sci., vol. 378, no. 1–2, pp. 111–116, Aug. 2011.

J. Hao, G. Lei, Z. Li, L. Wu, Q. Xiao, and L. Wang, “A novel polyethylene terephthalate nonwoven separator based on electrospinning technique for lithium ion battery,” J. Memb. Sci., vol. 428, no. 0, pp. 11–16, Feb. 2013.

S. Rajendran, M. R. Prabhu, and M. U. Rani, “Ionic conduction in poly(vinyl chloride)/poly(ethyl methacrylate)-based polymer blend electrolytes complexed with different lithium salts,” J. Power Sources, vol. 180, no. 2, pp. 880–883, Jun. 2008.

P. Carol, P. Ramakrishnan, B. John, and G. Cheruvally, “Preparation and characterization of electrospun poly(acrylonitrile) fibrous membrane based gel polymer electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries,” J. Power Sources, vol. 196, no. 23, pp. 10156–10162, Dec. 2011.

T. H. Cho, T. Sakai, S. Tanase, K. Kimura, Y. Kondo, T. Tarao, and M. Tanaka, “Electrochemical performances of polyacrylonitrile nanofiber-based nonwoven separator for lithium-ion battery,” Electrochem. Solid State Lett., vol. 10, no. 7, pp. A159–A162, 2007.

M. Buddhakala and A. Muakngam, “Morphology and thermal properties of PVDF electrospun nanofiber,” J. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 9, no. 12, p. 5986, 2013.

H. Na, P. Chen, K.-T. Wan, S.-C. Wong, Q. Li, and Z. Ma, “Measurement of Adhesion Work of Electrospun Polymer Membrane by Shaft-Loaded Blister Test,” Langmuir, vol. 28, no. 16, pp. 6677–6683, Apr. 2012.

D. Yanhuai, P. Zhang, Z. Long, Y. Jiang, F. Xu, and W. Di, “Preparation of PVdF-based electrospun membranes and their application as separators,” Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1–4, 2008.

M. Sethupathy, V. Sethuraman, and P. Manisankar, “Preparation of PVDF/SiO2 Composite Nanofiber Membrane Using Electrospinning for Polymer Electrolyte Analysis,” Soft Nanosci. Lett., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 37–43, 2013.

W. Li, Y. Xing, Y. Wu, J. Wang, L. Chen, G. Yang, and B. Tang, “Study the effect of ion-complex on the properties of composite gel polymer electrolyte based on Electrospun PVdF nanofibrous membrane,” Electrochim. Acta, vol. 151, no. 0, pp. 289–296, Jan. 2015.

J. R. Kim, S. W. Choi, S. M. Jo, W. S. Lee, and B. C. Kim, “Electrospun PVdF-based fibrous polymer electrolytes for lithium ion polymer batteries,” Electrochim. Acta, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 69–75, Nov. 2004.

Y. Chen, J. Guo, and H. Kim, “Preparation of poly(vinylidene fluoride)/phosphotungstic acid composite nanofiber membranes by electrospinning for proton conductivity,” React. Funct. Polym., vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 69–74, Jan. 2010.

Y. P. Mahant, S. B. Kondawar, M. Bhute, and D. V. Nandanwar, “Electrospun Poly (Vinylidene Fluoride)/Poly (Methyl Methacrylate) Composite Nanofibers Polymer Electrolyte for Batteries,” Procedia Mater. Sci., vol. 10, pp. 595–602, 2015.

W. W. Cuia, D. Y. Tang, and Z. L. Gong, “Electrospun poly(vinylidene fluoride)/poly(methyl methacrylate) grafted TiO2 composite nanofibrous membrane as polymer electrolyte for lithium-ion batteries,” J. Power Sources, vol. 223, pp. 206–213, 2013.

W. Chen, Y. Liu, Y. Ma, J. Liu, and X. Liu, “Improved performance of PVdF-HFP/PI nanofiber membrane for lithium ion battery separator prepared by a bicomponent cross-electrospinning method,” Mater. Lett., vol. 133, pp. 67–70, Oct. 2014.

D. Wu, C. Shi, S. Huang, X. Qiu, H. Wang, Z. Zhan, P. Zhang, J. Zhao, D. Sun, and L. Lin, “Electrospun Nanofibers for Sandwiched Polyimide/Poly (vinylidene fluoride)/Polyimide Separators with the Thermal Shutdown Function,” Electrochim. Acta, vol. 176, pp. 727–734, Sep. 2015.

N. Angulakshmi and A. M. Stephan, “Electrospun Trilayer Polymeric Membranes as Separator for Lithium–ion Batteries,” Electrochim. Acta, vol. 127, pp. 167–172, May 2014.

C. Cao, L. Tan, W. Liu, J. Ma, and L. Li, “Polydopamine coated electrospun poly(vinyldiene fluoride) nanofibrous membrane as separator for lithium-ion batteries,” J. Power Sources, vol. 248, pp. 224–229, Feb. 2014.

E. Oliaei, B. Kaffashi, and S. Davoodi, “Investigation of structure and mechanical properties of toughened poly(L-lactide)/thermoplastic poly(ester urethane) blends,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., vol. 133, p. 43104, 2016.

H. Kuo-Shien, L. Huey-Shan, and C. Jeong-Bor, “Study on the Modification of PP Nonwoven Fabric,” FIBRES TEXT EAST EUR, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 82–87, 2011.

E. Oliaei and B. Kaffashi, “Investigation on the properties of poly (L-lactide)/thermoplastic poly (ester urethane)/halloysite nanotube composites prepared based on prediction of halloysite nanotube location by measuring free surface energies,” Polymer, vol. 104, p. 104-114, 2016.

Y. Shen and A. C. Lua, “Preparation and characterization of mixed matrix membranes based on poly(vinylidene fluoride) and zeolite 4A for gas separation,” Polym. Eng. Sci., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 2106–2113, 2012.

B. Jaleh, N. Gavary, P. Fakhri, N. Muensit, and S. M. Taheri, “Characteristics of PVDF Membranes Irradiated by Electron Beam,” Membranes (Basel)., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2015.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Call for Submissions

We welcome submissions for the coming issue that will be officially published in March 2022. We are committed to providing results of reviewing within two weeks, and publishing the paper within one month from the submission date (subjected to responses by authors). This means accepted papers will be available online even before the issue is published officially.

Publons Partners

Journal of Polymer Science and Technology (JPST) is now one of Publons Partners. This means biodata of reviewers in Publons will be automatically updated once reviewing on articles submitted to JPST is completed (subjected to terms and conditions).

How to promote journal articles

Promoting your journal article is imperative to maximise the exposure, enhance the discoverability and increase engagement with readers and other academics. Together with the publisher, as an author, you can help to promote your newly published articles via the following:

1) Institutional webpage.
Provide the link of your latest article in your institutional website. The webpage visitors who view your profile will be able to see your latest research and publications.

2) Social media.
The rise of the social media has also profoundly affected the publishing fraternity. More and more users have chosen the social media platforms as a way of sharing. Social media sharing helps foster convenient dissemination of information, which can be achieved within a short time. You can share your article in major online social media platforms including Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn and so on.

3) Utilise scholarly networking and reference platforms.
A scholarly or academic networking platforms such as, MyNetResearch, ResearchGate, Mendeley and so on are indeed useful as they help bring scholars of common areas of expertise close together.

4) Press Releases.
If your article involves a new, significant or important discovery, consider linking up with media organisations for a press release. This brings your work to the mainstream media.

5) Blog.
If you keep a personal blog, you can get your blog readers updated with the list of your most recently published articles and the development in your area of research. Linking your article in your personal blog can vastly enhance the discoverability. Discuss briefly about the article and how the users might benefit from it.

6) Add to reading list or assignment.
Add your article (or the journal your article is published) as essential reading to your students. You may also create related assignments, e.g. review of the article, or have them discussed about the write up in class.

7) Add to your signature.
Announce your latest publication underneath your signature. Provide a link where the article can be downloaded/viewed.