ANALISIS FAHAMAN EKSTREMIS AGAMA DAN MEDIA SOSIAL DI MALAYSIA (ANALYSIS OF EXTREME RELIGION FOLLOWERS AND SOCIAL MEDIA IN MALAYSIA)

Muhd Imran Abd Razak, Rahimin Affandi Abdul Rahim, Mohd Anuar Ramli, Siti Maimunah Hj. Kahal, Rabiatul Adawiyyah Mohamed Ratha

Abstract


Abstrak

Secara asasnya penyebaran agama Islam di Nusantara sejak zaman awal telah berlaku dalam keadaan damai dan proses interaksi dengan golongan bukan Islam juga berlaku tanpa unsur keganasan dan ekstremisme. Namun begitu, kemunculan gerakan terrorisme global seperti al-Qaeda, Jemaah Islamiyyah dan terkini kumpulan Daesh akhirnya berjaya menyelinap masuk elemen ekstrem dan radikal ke dalam kehidupan beragama masyarakat Islam rantau ini termasuk di Malaysia. Berdasarkan hakikat tersebut, kajian ini menganalisis secara kritikal fahaman serta proses penyebaran ideologi kumpulan ekstremisme radikal khususnya Daesh di Malaysia dengan menumpukan terhadap aspek media sosial. Hasil kajian mendapati kumpulan Daesh menganut fahaman ekstremisme agama yang berbahaya serta telah menggunakan kemudahan media sosial sebagai medium penyebaran dakyah yang berkesan. Oleh itu, usaha melakukan counter-terrorism perlu memahami fahaman kumpulan Daesh serta strategi berkesan mengatasi peperangan ideologi mereka di media sosial.

Kata Kunci: Ekstremisme agama, terrorisme, Daesh, media sosial, anti keganasan.

 

Abstract

Basically, the spread of Islam in the archipelago since ancient times has taken place in a state of peace and the process of interaction with non-Muslims also occurs without the element of terrorism and extremism. However, the emergence of global terrorism movements such as al-Qaeda, Jemaah Islamiyyah and the latest group of Daesh have finally managed to sneak into extremist and radical elements into the Muslim religious life of the region, including in Malaysia. Based on that fact, this study critically analyzes the ideology and dissemination process of the radical extremist extremist group especially Daesh in Malaysia by focusing on aspects of social media. The findings show that the Daesh group embraced the harmful religious extremism and used social media facilities as an effective propagation medium. Therefore, efforts to counter-terrorism need to understand Daes group's understanding and effective strategies to overcome their ideological wars in social media.

Keywords: Religious extremism, terrorism, Daesh, social media, anti-terrorism.

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References


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