Diet as A Risk Factor of Prostate Cancer: A Review

Norzaher Ismail

Abstract


Abstract.

Introduction               Prostate cancer is indeed a raising health problem in the world. As our life expectancy improve the prevalence of prostate cancer may also increasing. Diet is believed to be one of the common major risk factor that contributed to the developing prostate cancer.

Objective                    This review aims to understand the effect of dietary habit towards risk of developing prostate cancer and to summarize the published articles and knowledge on risk of developing prostate cancer and further be able to provide information in designing the optimal diet for primary and secondary prostate cancer prevention.

Methodology              A search was conducted to review related published studies on prostate cancer and diet through PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Schorlar and Science Direct.

Result                         High intake of red meat , processed meat, dairy products were commonly linked to the prostate cancer while consumption of antioxidant and certain vitamin may give protective mechanism towards prostate cancer.

Conclusion                 Diet which consist of low carbohydrates, n-3 PUFAs, colorful fruits and vegetables still the best advice to counsel the patient while lifestyle of smoking and heavy alcohol intake should be avoided in preventing prostate cancer.

Keywords :                Prostate cancer – Diet – Literature review


Keywords


Prostate cancer – Diet – Literature review

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References


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