Training is an Important Factor for Community Health Workers in Performing KOSPEN Health Screening Activities in Malaysia: Community Health Workers (KOSPEN) 2016

  • Tania Gayle Robert Lourdes INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH
  • Wan Shakira Rodzlan Hasani
  • Muhammad Fadhli Mohd Yusoff
  • Hamizatul Akmal Abd Hamid
  • Halizah Mat Rifin
  • Hasimah Ismail
  • Thamil Arasu Saminathan
  • Jane Ling Miaw Yn
  • Nur Liana Ab Majid
  • Mohd Ruhaizie Riyadzi
  • Ahzairin Ahmad
  • Rosnah Ramly

Abstract

Abstract Introduction: Community health workers (CHW) or volunteers are health workers who are trained but do not possess a professional certificate. They are community members who live and work in that particular community. The Ministry of Health Malaysia had initiated a community-based intervention programme, Healthy Community Empowers the Nation or ‘Komuniti Sihat Pembina Negara’ (KOSPEN) in October 2013. In this programme, CHWs main task is to conduct non-communicable diseases (NCD) risk factor screening. Methods: Data from the “Evaluation of the implementation of KOSPEN programme in Malaysia 2016” was used. It is a cross-sectional study which was carried out in randomly selected KOSPEN localities throughout Malaysia. Logistic regression analysis was applied to determine factors associated with not performing KOSPEN screening activities by the volunteers. Data analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. Results: A total of 700 volunteers were included in this study. Most of the volunteers were female (65.7%) and were aged 50-59 years (30.9%), followed by those aged 40-49 (27.1%). Majority had secondary education (65.3%), employed (55.7%.) and were married (80.4%).  Multivariate logistic regression showed that volunteers who never attended training (aOR 2.79; 95% CI:1.66, 4.67) and who felt the content of the training module was inadequate (aOR 2.693; 95% CI: 1.46, 4.98) were more likely to not perform screening activities in the community. Conclusion: Attendance of the training should be a pre-requisite to qualify as a volunteer. Improvement to the training module should done to increase comprehensibility of the modules among the volunteers. Keywords: KOSPEN-community health workers-NCD screening-community-based intervention   Word count (249)
Published
2021-07-07
How to Cite
Lourdes, T. G., Rodzlan Hasani, W. S., Mohd Yusoff, M. F., Abd Hamid, H. A., Mat Rifin, H., Ismail, H., Saminathan, T. A., Yn, J. L., Ab Majid, N. L., Riyadzi, M. R., Ahmad, A., & Ramly, R. (2021). Training is an Important Factor for Community Health Workers in Performing KOSPEN Health Screening Activities in Malaysia: Community Health Workers (KOSPEN) 2016. International Journal of Public Health Research, 11(2). Retrieved from http://spaj.ukm.my/ijphr/index.php/ijphr/article/view/331
Section
Public Health Research Articles