Prevalence of ‘Researcher’s defined’ and ‘Self-rated’ Successful Aging among Pre-Retirement Public Servants

  • Khairul Rafizah Hairodin DR.
  • Aniza Ismail
  • Khadijah Shamsuddin
  • Hazlina Mohd Miskam


  Introduction  The socioeconomic impact of aging population can be reduced if majority of people achieve successful aging. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of researcher’s defined successful aging (RDSA) and self-rated successful aging (SRSA) among pre-retirement public servants and their predictors.   Methodology The sample included 1,064 pre-retirement public servants (50 to 60 years old) from nine government agencies. Data was analyzed using Multiple Logistic Regression to test for the association between the studied factors and SA.   Results The prevalence of RDSA and SRSA was 37.5% and 98.7%, respectively. Results showed four (4) significant factors with higher odds of having RDSA were not obese, good social support, being physically active and younger age. Meanwhile, five (5) factors highly selected by respondents as predictors for SRSA were having good spiritual or religious practice, happy family, good psycho cognitive function, social support and good physical function.   Conclusion The prevalence of SRSA was higher despite the presence of self-reported chronic diseases and physical limitation identified among respondents. The discrepancy in both prevalence of SA reflects the differences that exist between the criteria for SA perceived by respondents and researchers. Misperception among respondents of their aging process as ‘successful’ despite having diseases or disability may worsen their health status because they continue practicing unhealthy lifestyles without action to improve it. Promotional activities on SA, regular health screening since young and healthy working environment should be implemented by various agencies.   Keywords       Successful aging - pre-retirement - public servants - predictors          

Author Biographies

Khairul Rafizah Hairodin, DR.
Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  
Aniza Ismail
Prof. Dr. Aniza Ismail, MD, M.Comm. Health, PhD (Quality of Care and Health Economics) Department of Community Medicine, Medical Faculty, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Khadijah Shamsuddin
Prof. Dr. Khadijah Shamsuddin, MD, DrPH. Department of Community Medicine, Medical Faculty, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Hazlina Mohd Miskam
Dr. Hazlina Mohd Miskam, BA (Social work), PhD (Family Ecology), Department of Community Medicine, Medical Faculty, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


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How to Cite
Hairodin, K. R., Ismail, A., Shamsuddin, K., & Mohd Miskam, H. (2021). Prevalence of ‘Researcher’s defined’ and ‘Self-rated’ Successful Aging among Pre-Retirement Public Servants. International Journal of Public Health Research, 11(2). Retrieved from
Public Health Research Articles