Prevalence of ‘Researcher’s defined’ and ‘Self-rated’ Successful Aging among Pre-Retirement Public Servants

  • Khairul Rafizah Hairodin DR.
  • Aniza Ismail
  • Khadijah Shamsuddin
  • Hazlina Mohd Miskam

Abstract

  Introduction  The socioeconomic impact of aging population can be reduced if majority of people achieve successful aging. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of researcher’s defined successful aging (RDSA) and self-rated successful aging (SRSA) among pre-retirement public servants and their predictors.   Methodology The sample included 1,064 pre-retirement public servants (50 to 60 years old) from nine government agencies. Data was analyzed using Multiple Logistic Regression to test for the association between the studied factors and SA.   Results The prevalence of RDSA and SRSA was 37.5% and 98.7%, respectively. Results showed four (4) significant factors with higher odds of having RDSA were not obese, good social support, being physically active and younger age. Meanwhile, five (5) factors highly selected by respondents as predictors for SRSA were having good spiritual or religious practice, happy family, good psycho cognitive function, social support and good physical function.   Conclusion The prevalence of SRSA was higher despite the presence of self-reported chronic diseases and physical limitation identified among respondents. The discrepancy in both prevalence of SA reflects the differences that exist between the criteria for SA perceived by respondents and researchers. Misperception among respondents of their aging process as ‘successful’ despite having diseases or disability may worsen their health status because they continue practicing unhealthy lifestyles without action to improve it. Promotional activities on SA, regular health screening since young and healthy working environment should be implemented by various agencies.   Keywords       Successful aging - pre-retirement - public servants - predictors          

Author Biographies

Khairul Rafizah Hairodin, DR.
Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  
Aniza Ismail
Prof. Dr. Aniza Ismail, MD, M.Comm. Health, PhD (Quality of Care and Health Economics) Department of Community Medicine, Medical Faculty, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Khadijah Shamsuddin
Prof. Dr. Khadijah Shamsuddin, MD, DrPH. Department of Community Medicine, Medical Faculty, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Hazlina Mohd Miskam
Dr. Hazlina Mohd Miskam, BA (Social work), PhD (Family Ecology), Department of Community Medicine, Medical Faculty, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

References

1. DOS. Population Quick Info. [Internet]. Department of Statistics, Malaysia. 2019. Available from: http://pqi.stat.gov.my/searchBI.php.
2. Nosraty L, Pulkki J, Raitanen J, Enroth L, Jylhä M. Successful Aging as a Predictor of Long-Term Care Among Oldest Old: The Vitality 90+ Study. J Appl Gerontol. 2019;38(4):553–71.
3. Kim HJ, Min JY, Min KB. Successful Aging and Mortality Risk: The Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-2014). J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2019;20(8):1013–20.
4. Rowe JW, Kahn RL. Human aging: usual and successful. Science (80). 1987;237(4811):143–9.
5. Jeste DV, Depp CA, Vahia IV. Successful cognitive and emotional aging. World Psychiatry. 2010;9:78–84.
6. Subramaniam M, Abdin E, Vaingankar JA, Sambasivam R, Seow E, Picco L, et al. Successful ageing in singapore: Prevalence and correlates from a national survey of older adults. Singapore Med J. 2019;60(1):22–30.
7. Meng X, D’Arcy C. Successful aging in Canada: Prevalence and predictors from a population based sample of older adults. Gerontology. 2014;60:65–72.
8. McManus D. A Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experience of Roman Catholic Sisters and Successful Aging. J Holist Nurs. 2020;8–10.
9. Caruso C, Aiello A, Accardi G, Ciaglia E, Cattaneo M, Puca A. Genetic Signatures of Centenarians: Implications for Achieving Successful Aging. Curr Pharm Des. 2019;25(39):4133–8.
10. Holmes J, Powell-Griner E, Lethbridge-Cejku M, Heyman K. Aging Differently: Physical Limitations Among Adults Aged 50 years and Over: United States, 2001–2007. NCHS data brief, no 20. 2009.
11. Almeida, O. P., Norman, P., Hankey, G., Jamrozik, K., & Flicker L. Successful mental health aging: results from a longitudinal study of older Australian men. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006;14(1):27–35.
12. Meyer SV. Successful Aging : A Quantitative Study of Resiliency and Adaptability as Mediating Factors in the Successful Aging of Older Adults Successful Aging : A Quantitative Study of Resiliency and Adaptability as. Dr Diss Pacific Univ. 2009;http://com.
13. Institute of Public Health (IPU). National Health and Morbidity Survey 2011 (NHMS 2011). Vol.1 : Methodology and General Findings. 2011;1:258.
14. Yang H, Shin D, Park J, Kim S, Eom C, Kam S, et al. The Association Between Perceived Social Support and Continued Smoking in Cancer Survivors. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2013;43(November 2012):45–54.
15. Stewart JM, Auais M, Bélanger E, Phillips SP. Comparison of self-rated and objective successful ageing in an international cohort. Ageing Soc. 2019;39(7):1317–34.
16. Paul A. Cernin, Catherine Lysack PAL. Successful Aging Constructs in an Urban Sample of African American Older Adults. Clin Gerontol. 2011;34(2):89–102.
17. Whitley E, Popham F, Benzeval M. Comparison of the Rowe-Kahn model of successful aging with self-rated health and life satisfaction: The West of Scotland Twenty-07 prospective cohort Study. Gerontologist. 2016;56(6):1082–92.
18. Pruchno RA, Wilson-Genderson M. A Longitudinal Examination of the Effects of Early Influences and Midlife Characteristics on Successful Aging. journals Gerontol Ser B [Internet]. 2015;70(6):850–9. Available from: http://psychsocgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/05/13/geronb.gbu046.short
19. Canêdo AC, Lopes CS, Lourenço RA. Prevalence of and factors associated with successful aging in Brazilian older adults: Frailty in Brazilian older people Study (FIBRA RJ). Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2018;18(8):1280–5.
20. Gu D, Feng Q, Sautter JM, Yang F, Ma L, Zhen Z. Concordance and discordance of self-rated and researcher-measured successful aging: Subtypes and associated factors. Journals Gerontol - Ser B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2017;72(2):214–27.
21. Luo H, Ren X, Li J, Wu K, Wang Y, Chen Q, et al. Association between obesity status and successful aging among older people in China: Evidence from CHARLS. BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):1–10.
22. Dorji L, Pornchai Jullamate, Rarcharneepon Subgranon ER. Predicting Factors of Successful Aging among Community Dwelling Older Adults in Thimphu, Bhutan Lobzang. Bangkok Med J. 2019;15(1):38–43.
23. Gutiérrez M, Tomás JM, Calatayud P. Contributions of Psychosocial Factors and Physical Activity to Successful Aging. Span J Psychol. 2018;21:E26.
24. Artaud F, Dugravot A, Sabia S, Singh-Manoux A, Tzourio C, Elbaz A. Unhealthy behaviours and disability in older adults: Three-City Dijon cohort study. BMJ. 2013;347(7922):1–15.
25. Institute for Public Health (IPH). National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2019: Vol. I: NCDs – Non-Communicable Diseases: Risk Factors and other Health Problems. Vol. 20. 2020.
26. Theodore D Cosco, A Matthew Prina, Jaime Perales, Blossom C M Stephan CB. Lay perspectives of successful ageing: a systematic review and meta-ethnography. BMJ Open. 2013;3(6).
27. Jang HY. Factors associated with successful aging among community-dwelling older adults based on ecological system model. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(9).
28. Feng Q, Straughan PT. What does successful aging mean? Lay perception of successful aging among elderly Singaporeans. Journals Gerontol - Ser B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2017;72(2):204–13.
29. Martinson M, Berridge C. Successful aging and its discontents: A systematic review of the social gerontology literature. Gerontologist. 2015;55(1):58–69.
30. Young Frick, K. D., & Phelan, E. A. Y. Can successful aging and chronic illness coexist in the same individual? A multidimentional concept of successful aging. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2009;10:87–92.
Published
2021-06-04
How to Cite
Hairodin, K. R., Ismail, A., Shamsuddin, K., & Mohd Miskam, H. (2021). Prevalence of ‘Researcher’s defined’ and ‘Self-rated’ Successful Aging among Pre-Retirement Public Servants. International Journal of Public Health Research, 11(2). Retrieved from http://spaj.ukm.my/ijphr/index.php/ijphr/article/view/333
Section
Public Health Research Articles