Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Persepsi Ibu terhadap Kanak-Kanak dengan Kecacatan Klef

Mohd Rohaizat Hassan


A study was conducted to determine the level of mothers' perception on children with cleft deformity and its associated factors.

This was a cross sectional study involving 110 mothers with children attending the Plastic And Reconstructive Surgery Clinic. Data was gathered from a face to face interview based on a questionnaire that assesses the level of perception and its associated factors. The level of perception was evaluated from a scoring method and divided into four domains namely psychosocial, care management, treatment and education.

The level of perception was high in all four domains ranged from 62% for treatment and 80% for education. Factors that were significantly associated with the level of perception were ethnicity, religion, type of cleft deformity and level of information.

Information regarding cleft deformity must be tailored toward mothers’ personal characteristics and type of cleft deformity to improve mothers' perception on this problem.


Mothers perception - level - factor - cleft - race - religion - social support

Full Text:



World Health Organization (WHO). 2002. Human Genetic Programme. Managment of Noncommunicable Disease World Health Organization Ganeva, Switzerland.World Health Organization Publications.

Strauss S. P. 1988. Perception of Appearance and speech by Adolescent Patients with Cleft Lip Palate and by Their Parents. Cleft Palate Journal.

Siti Noor Fazilah Mohd Noor. 2005. Psychological Aspect of Cleft Lip and Plate Among Teenaged Patients and Their Parents.Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Noorliza Masturah Binti Abdullah. 2003. Prevalance Of Caries Periodontal Disease In Operated Nonsyndromic Cleft Lip And Palate Children In The State Of Kelantan. Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM).

Kadagad P., Pinto P. & Powar R. 2011. Attitudes of Pregnant Women and Mothers of Children With Orofacial Cleft Toward Prenatal Diagnosis of Nonsyndromic Orofacial Cleft In A Semiurban Setup in India. Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery.

Olasoji H.O., Ugboko V.I., & Arotiba G.T. 2006. Cultural and Religious in Nigeri Parents Perception of The Aetiology of Cleft Lip and Palate: Implications For Treatment and Rehabilitation. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery. Elsevier Pulbication Ltd.

Donkor P., Rhule G.P. & Amponsah E.K. 2007. A Prospective Survey of patients With Cleft Lip and Palate in Kumasi. West African Journal of Medicine.

Pannbacker M. 1993. Parents Attitude Towards Family Involvement In Cleft Palate Treatent. Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, january 1993.

Bhat V., Rao C.B., Krishnan G. et al. 2007. Psychological Impact of Cleft Surgery-A Study on Native Population. Elsevier Publication Ltd.

Nelson P.A., Caress A.N., Glenny A.M. et al. 2012. ‘Doing the “Right” Thing’: How Parents Experience And Manage Decision-Making for Children’s ‘Normalising’ Surgeries. Social Science & Medicine. Elsevier Publication

Nguyen R.H.N., Wilcox A.J., Moen B.E. et al. 2007. Parents Occupation and Isolated Orofacial Cleft in Norway: A Population-Based Case-Control Study. Elsevier Publication Ltd.

Dvivedi J. & Dvivedi S. 2012. A Clinical and Demographic Profile of the Cleft Lip And Palate In Sub-Himalayan India: A Hospital-Based Study. Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery.

Bille C., Skytthe A. & Vach W. et al. 2005. Parents Age and The Risk of Oral Cleft. Institute of Public Health. University of Southern Denmark. National Instutute of Health.

Mirfazeli A., Kaviany N., Hosseinpour K.R. et al. 2012. Incident of Cleft Lip and Palate in Gorgon-Northen Iran: An Epidemiological Study. Oman Medical Journal (2012) Vol. 27, No. 6: 461-464.

Young J.L., O’Riordan M., Goldstein J.A. et al. 2001. What Informatiion Do Parents of Newborn With Cleft Lip, Palate, or Both Want to Know? Departmernt of Pediatric. University Hospital of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio.

Robbins J.M., Damiano P., Druschel C.M. et al. 2010. Prenatal Diagnosis of Orofacial Cleft: Association With Maternal Satisfaction, Tema Care, and Treatment Outcomes. The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal.

Chan, R. K., B. McPherson & T. L. Whitehill 2006. Chinese attitudes toward cleft lip and palate: effects of personal contact. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 43(6): 731-9

Louw B., Shibambu M., Path B.C et al. 2005. Facilitating Cleft Palate Team Participation of Culturally Diverse Families in South Africa. Department Communication Pathology, University of Pretoria

Hayakawa T., Natsume N., Inoue C. et al. 2010. Perception of Cleft Palate Speech by Japanese Listeners-an Assessment of Palatalized Articulations. Assocation of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Mohd Rohaizat Hassan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.