It Takes Two to Tango: How Large the Effects of Job Factors on Work-Family Conflict?
Keywords:Work-family conflict, job performance, emotional job demands, Dyadic analysis
Introduction: Married couples often do influence each otherâ€™s emotions and behaviors. The effect of this interpersonal marriage relationship on job demands and job performance toward work-family conflict (WFC) is still under research. This article aims to determine the effects of married coupleâ€™s job factors (emotional job demands and job performance) on wifeâ€™s WFC.
Method: A total of 120 dyads in private sectors were recruited via private invitations to social gatherings.Â Packets of self-administered questionnaires were given included emotional domain of Demand-Induced Strain Compensation, Spielberger Trait Anger Scale, work-family conflict and job performance measures. Dyadic analysis using Actor-Partner Interdependence Model was used.Â
Results: The emotional demand of wife significantly contribute higher effect (ES= 0.34 (95%CI: 0.23, 0.45); p<0.001) compared to emotional demand of husband on wifeâ€™s WFC (ES= 0.14 (95%CI: 0.03, 0.25); p=0.011).Â The job performance of wife significantly contribute higher effect (ES= 0.29 (95%CI: 0.17, 0.40); p<0.001) compared to job performance of husband on the wifeâ€™s WFC (ES= 0.17 (95%CI: 0.06, 0.29); p=0.003).Â Both wife and husband influenced each other pertaining to emotional demands (r=0.35, 95%CI: 0.22, 0.48) and job performance (r=0.51, 95%CI: 0.38, 0.64) on the wifeâ€™s WFC.Â Overall, the APIM model explains of 22.9% and 25.1% of the total of non-independence of emotional job demands and job performance toward WFC, respectively.Â
Conclusion: Wifeâ€™s WFC was influenced by both herself and her partnerâ€™s emotional job demands and performance.Â All resources should be channeled to working wives to prevent any health and job outcomes resulted from the work-family conflict.
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