Juliyana Junaidi, Latifah Abdul Majid, Mohd Arif Nazri


With the rapid invention of technology, the twenty-first century allows us to witness social injustice issues across the globe via our own electronic devices. These issues lead to the collapse of morality, hence destructing the societal fabric. Social justice discourse has been in existence since World War 2, yet most literature available pays more attention to the social justice issues from the western perspective than the views of the Muslim scholars, especially those of Malay Archipelago. Therefore, this study aims to unfold the principles of social justice according to Tjokroaminoto and Syed Hussein Alatas, and to identify the similarities and differences of views on social justice between these two figures. This qualitative study utilised document analysis whereby both of their books with the same title, “Islam dan Sosialisme” were used to analyse the principles, similarities, and differences of ideas on social justice. The findings demonstrate that both figures are among the proponents of socialism in Islam which covers the idea of social justice despite the idea being rejected by some Muslim scholars from Arabia and India subcontinents. Both figures presented the proof that socialism has its foundation in the divine revelation, and the implementation of social justice was manifested by Prophet Muhammad PBUH as the guided individual in Islam.

Full Text:



Abdul Syukur, A., Putra, R. A., Saifullah, S., & Rolanda, D. M. 2020. Haji Oemar Said Tjokroaminoto: Biografi, Dakwah dan Kesejahteraan Sosial. Jurnal Dakwah Dan Komunikasi, 5(2), 177.

Alatas, S. H. 2013. The Myth of the Lazy Native: A Study of the Image of the Malays, Filipinos and Javanese from the 16th to the 20th Century and Its Function in the Ideology of Colonial Capitalism, 1–267.

Alatas, S. H. 2020. Islam dan Sosialisme. Gerakbudaya.

Alatas, S. M. 2020. Applying Syed Hussein Alatas’s ideas in contemporary Malaysian society. Asian Journal of Social Science, 48(3–4), 319–338.

Aziz, M. A. 2018. Islam, Sosialisme dan Politik Perspektif Pemikiran H.O.S. Tjokroaminoto. Risâlah, Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Studi Islam, 4(2, Sept), 1–14.

Bahar, N. Z. N., Zabidi, A. F. M., & Kadir, M. N. A. 2019. Interaksi Sosial dalam Tafsir al-Azhar: Tinjauan Awal Terhadap Surah Madaniyah. Al-Turath Journal Of Al-Quran And Al-Sunnah, 4(2), 68-74.

Fogg, K. W. 2019. Indonesian Islamic Socialism and Its South Asian Roots. Modern Asian Studies, 53(6), 1736–1761.

Furqani, H. 2018. Theory of Distributive Justice in Islamic Perspective: A Conceptual Exploration. 6th International Conference on Islam and Liberty, November, 14–15.

Hasan, M. K. 2021. Corruption and Hypocrisy in Malay Muslim Politics: The Urgency of Moral-Ethical Transformation. Emir Research.

Hassan, R. 2005. Local and global: Social Transformation in Southeast Asia. Essays in honour of Professor Syed Hussein Alatas. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka

Kaswari, S., Majid, L. A., Nazri, M. A., & Sakat, A. A. 2016. Konsep Fiqh al-Sunnah Menurut al-Qaradawi. Al-Turath Journal of Al-Quran and Al-Sunnah, 1(1), 74-83.

Khondker, H. H. 2006. Sociology of Corruption and “Corruption of Sociology” Evaluating the Contributions of Syed Hussein Alatas. Current Sociology, 54(1).

Leon, C. 2011. Masturah Alatas, The Life in the Writing: Syed Hussein Alatas. Asiatic, 5(1), 142–143.

Luis, F., & Moncayo, G. n.d.. Intellectual Imperialism: Definition, Traits, and Problems. Southeast Asian Journal of Social Science, 28 No.1(2), 23–45.

Melayu, H. A. 2002. Islam as an Ideology: The Political Thought of Tjokroaminoto. Studia Islamika: Indonesian Journal for Islamic Studies, 9(3).

Nasution, K., Abdullah, W. N. W., & Saad, M. F. M. 2019. Analisis Fiqh Kesetaraan Gender Musdah Mulia. Al-Turath Journal Of Al-Quran And Al-Sunnah, 4(2), 13-18.

Ngui C.YK. 2002 Witstanding the test of time, Malaysian Business.

Syam, F., & Syafea, A. 2021. Thought Of Socialism According H.O.S.Cokroaminoto. Himmah: Jurnal Kajian Islam Kontemporer, 5(1), 275–282.

Tjokroaminoto, H. O. 2019. Islam dan Sosialisme. Ikraq.

Wijiyanto, S. T., & Sudrajat, A. 2019. Tjokroaminoto: Sosialisme Islam. Bihari: Jurnal Pendidikan Sejarah Dan Ilmu Sejarah, 2(1), 2019.


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Research Centre for al-Quran and al-Sunnah
Faculty of Islamic Studies
The National University Of Malaysia
43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Tel: +60 3 8921 4405 | Fax: +60 3 8921 3017


Copyright ©2016 Centre of Islamic Heritage Sustainability, UKM