Exploring Types of Waste Generated: A Study of Construction Industry of Pakistan

Muhammad Akram Akhund


Construction sector is responsible for providing fundamental physical structure required for living and survival of human life. Increased development works has led in resulting huge amount of waste generation in developing countries. Due to poor management system on sites, it has become more crucial and exerts several negative impacts on society and environment. This Unused waste material has a negative impact on eco system and needs a huge amount of money for recycling, reusing and disposal of the waste. Like other developing countries Pakistan is spending a major portion of its GDP on handling construction waste. Among the several other factors, the key contributes are highlighted in this study.  This study is exploratory work investigating the types of construction waste generated on site and their relative impact of project cost in construction projects of Pakistan. Through questionnaire the opinion of clients, consultant and constructor have been taken to identify the major types of waste having more impacts on cost and time. Through Average index, severity index and importance index, the probability of occurance of waste through different materials, severity level of waste production by these materials, and the overall effect of all waste generating materials have been found respectively. Among the materials sand, concrete, tile are the most common materials, which are responsible for waste generation while time and cost are the two most common non-physical waste generating factors.


Construction Waste; Waste Types; Waste Materials; Pakistan

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