Impact of Hazard Recognition Measures on the Rate of Accidents on Construction Sites in Abuja, Nigeria

Abdullateef Adewale Shittu, Kudirat Popoola, Abel John Tsado, Muhammad Aminu Shehu, Shakirat Remilekun Abdulazeez


This study evaluated the impact of hazard recognition measures on the rate of accidents on construction sites in Abuja, Nigeria. A survey design was adopted through a quantitative study with the use of questionnaire for collecting data from 25 construction firms registered with Federation of Construction Industry in Abuja. Analysis of data was undertaken using Relative Importance Index (RII) and Mean Item Score (MIS). Findings from the study revealed that the most important hazard recognition measure for improving H&S performance of construction firms in Abuja is Conducting safety meetings (RII = 0.96); the most significant influence of hazard recognition measures on the frequency of occurrence of accidents is Improvement of employees’ and employers’ safety behaviour (MIS = 4.38); and the most effective strategy for reducing the rate of accidents on construction sites is Management commitment (MIS = 4.57). It was thus concluded that hazard recognition measures have significant impact on the rate of accidents on construction sites in Abuja. It was recommended that construction firms should set up a mechanism for the effective implementation of hazard recognition measures.


Accidents; construction sites; hazard recognition; impact; measures

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