A Numerical Analysis on the Behavior of Steel Plate Shear Walls with Different Number and Thickness of Transverse Stiffeners

R. Abdi


According to recent studies, steel plate shear walls (SPSWs) have been identified as a reliable system resistant to lateral loads in high seismic regions. Considering the importance of stiffeners’ geometry in SPSWs, in this study we attempted to numerically analyze the behavior of a steel frame under lateral loading equipped with a stiffened single-storey single-bay SPSW system. Three SPSW models with 1, 2 and 3 transverse stiffeners having a thickness of 10 mm, and one SPSW model with one transverse stiffener having different 5, 10, 20, and 30 mm thicknesses were designed and analyzed using eigenvalue linear buckling analysis in ABASQUS software to evaluate the effect of number and thickness of transverse stiffeners on the behavior of study frame. According to the results of the research, it was observed that with increasing number of transverse stiffeners, the maximum buckling capacity of the frame with SPSW increases which is technically remarkable. Also, with the increase in the number of transverse stiffeners, the contribution of each stiffener to increasing the ultimate capacity of the frame became more evident, which is economically considerable. Increasing the thickness of transverse stiffeners did not have a considerable effect on the buckling capacity of the SPSW.


Number; numerical analysis; steel plate shear walls; transverse stiffeners; thickness.

Full Text:



Alavi, E. and Nateghi, . (2013). Experimental Study on Diagonally Stiffened Steel Plate Shear Walls with Central Perforation. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 89: 9-20.

Alinia, M.M. and Dastfan, M. (2007). Cyclic Behaviour, Deformability and Rigidity of Stiffened Steel Shear Panels. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 63:554–563.

Barkhordari, M.A., Asghar Hosseinzadeh, S.A. and Seddighi, M. (2014). Behavior of steel plate shear walls with stiffened full-height rectangular openings. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 15(5): 741-759.

Bhowmick, A.K., Grondin, G.Y. and Driver, R.G. (2014). Nonlinear seismic analysis of perforated steel plate shear walls. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 94: 103-113.

Deylami, A. and Daftari, H. (2000). Non-Linear. Behavior Of Steel Plate Shear Wall With Large Rectangular Opening. Proceedings of the 12th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering; Auckland, New Zeland, pp. 1-7.

Esmaeili Niari, S., Rafezy, B., and Abedi, K. (2012). Numerical Modeling and Finite Element Analysis of Steel Sheathed Cold-Formed Steel Shear Walls. Proceedings of the 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering (15WCEE). Lisbon, Portugal.

Ghodrati Amiri, Gh. and Mirmiran, B. (2011). Optimal modeling techniques for steel plate shear walls. Sazeh & Foolad, 27-2(1):133-138. In Persian

Gholhaki, M. (2009). Effect of ductility coefficient on the behavior factor of thin steel plate shear walls. Sazeh & Foolad, 5(5):52-63. In Persian

Habashi, H.R. and Alinia, M.M. (2010). Characteristics of the wall-frame interaction in steel plate shear walls. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 66:150-158.

Kulak, G.L., Kennedy, D.J.L., and Driver, R.G. (1994). Discussion of Experimental study of thin steel-plate shear walls under cyclic load by Caccese. V.. Elgaaly, M., and Chen, R. ASCE Journal of Structurai Engineering, 120(10):3072-3073.

Mohammdi, R. and Habibi, M.R. (2016). “Investigating the effect of different arrangement patterns of stiffeners on the resistance of steel plate shear walls. Proceedings of the International Conference on Civil, Architecture and Urban Planning Elites, Tehran, Iran. In Persian

Rahmzadeh, A., Ghassemieh, M., Park, Y. and Abolmaali, A. (2016). Effect of stiffeners on steel plate shear wall systems. Steel and Composite Structures, 20 (3): 545-569.

Rezai, M., Ventura, C.E., and Prion, H. (2004). Simplified and detailed finite element models of steel plate shear walls. Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering. Vancouver, Canada.

Saburi-Ghomi,S. ,Venture. ,kharrazi, M. (2005). Shear analysis and design of ductile steel shear walls. Journal of structural Engineering, 131(6):878-889.

Sabouri-Ghomi, S. and Asad Sajjadi, R. (2012). Experimental and theoretical studies of steel shear walls with and without stiffeners. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 75:152-159.

Shafaei, S., Farahbod, F. and Ayazi, A. (2017). Concrete stiffened steel plate shear walls with an unstiffened opening. Structures, 12: 40–53.

Tsai, K.C. and Li, C.H. (2010). Cyclic Tests of Four Two-storey Narrow Steel Plate Shear Walls-Part 1 Analytical Studies and Specimen Design. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, 39 (7):775-799.

Yu, J.G. and Hao, J.P. (2016). Behaviour of semi-rigid steel frames with steel plate shear walls. Advanced Steel Construction, 12(2):154-173.

Zhao, Q. and Qiu, J. (2018). Experimental studies on channel-stiffened steel plate shear walls. Structures Congress (April 19–21), Fort Worth, Texas, US.


  • There are currently no refbacks.