A Study on The Validity and Reliability of Basic Needs Questionnaire



The aim of this study is to measure the validity and reliability standard of Basic Needs questionnaire designed by William Glasser. This study also attempts to determine if the Basic Needs questionnaire has the high validity and reliability criteria suitable to be applied in Malaysia. Five expert panels from the counseling discipline and 119 students from two different schools were chosen for group sampling. The instrument used in this study was the questionnaire with 85 items among 5 subscale category. The data was analyzed using cronbach alpha and test-retest analysis. The result showed that half of the items in this instrument were of significantly higher quality. In the first phase, the needs coefficient scores .885. and the second phase the coefficient scored is .899. In general, the result proves that this instrument possesses a high validity and reliability standard for application in Malaysia. Several implications and suggestions are also proposed.

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