Siti Marziah Zakaria, Ruzaini Ijon, Wan Yusoff Wan Shaharuddin, Soo Yin See


Job satisfaction has been defined as the amount of overall positive effect that individuals have toward their jobs in relation to a series of aspects such as pay, promotion opportuni­ties, management style and working conditions. Middle-aged women are working longer hours and spending less time with their families, which has led to family crisis, burn out, and depression. Thus, this study helps to determine the predictors of life satisfaction. The role of job satisfaction as a mediator was also assessed. Social support and job satisfaction have been found to influence life satisfaction. Moreover, job satisfaction was proven as the mediator in the relationship between social support and life satisfaction. This result indicates that life satisfaction of middle-aged career women rely significantly on job satisfaction. Job satisfaction can intervene the direction and the level of life satisfaction of middle-aged career women. This finding could be used as an input for any intervention programs and policies to uplift the well- being and quality of life for middle-aged women.  

Full Text:



Andrews, D.L. (1969). Analysis of a life satisfaction index. Journal of Gerontology, 24: 470-474.

Arns, P.G.& Linney, J.A. (1993).Work, self, and life satisfaction for persons with severe and persistent mental disorders. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 17(2):63-79.

Arnold, J. & Feldman, D. (1986). Organizational behaviour. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Aydin, F. &Coskun, M. (2011). Secondary school students’ achievement motivation towards Geography lessons. Archives of Applied Science Research, 3 (2): 121-134

Bopp, T., Wigley, B.J. &Eddosary, M. (2015). Job and Life Satisfaction: The Perspective of Collegiate Head Coaches. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 10: 1025-1037.DOI: 10.1260/1747-9541.10.6.1025

Bruck, C. S., Allen, T. D., & Spector, P. E. (2002). The relation between work–family conflict and job satisfaction: A finer-grained analysis. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 60 (3): 336-353.

Czapinski, J. (2008). The economy of happiness and the psychology of affluency. The paper presented at the Polish Psychological Association Conference in Poznan, Poland.

Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95: 542-575.

Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. American Psychologist, 55(1): 34-43.

Jennings, B. M. (2008) Work Stress and Burnout Among Nurses: Role of the Work Environment and Working Conditions. In Hughes, R.G. (ed.) Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses.

Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Ghafouri, M.R., Kamali, M. &Nouri, A. (2008).Relationship between achievement motivation & psychological tenacity and sensation seeking & responsivity. Knowledge Research in Psychology, 35-36.

Hassanzadeh, R. (2009). Motivation & emotion. Tehran: Arasbaran.

Isacco, A., Garfield, C.F. & Rogers, T.E. (2010).Correlates of co-parental support among married and non-married fathers. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 11 (4): 262-278.

Iverson, R.D. & Maguire, C. (2000). The relationship between job and life satisfaction: Evidence from a remote mining community. Human Relation, 53: 807. DOI: 10.1177/0018726700536003

Kasprzak, E. (2010). Perceived social support and life satisfaction. Polish Psychological Bulletin. 41 (4): 144-154.

Knoll, N. &Schwarzer, R. (2004).“A friend in need…” social support, stress, illness and death. In: H. Sek, R. Cieslak (Ed.). Social support, stress and health. Warszawa: PWN

Koch, J. L., & Steers, R. M. (1978). Job attachment, satisfaction, and turnover among public sector employees. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 12 (1): 119-128.

Loscocco, K.A. & Roschelle, A.R. (1991). Influences on the quality of work and non work life: Two decades in review. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 39: 182-225.

Motl, R.W., McAuley, E. (2009). Pathways between physical activity and quality of life inadults with multiple sclerosis. Health Psychology, 28 (6): 682-689.

Neugarten, B. L., Havighurst, R. J. & Tobin, S. S. (1961).The measurement of life satisfaction. Journal of Gerontology, 16: 134-143.

Ostroff, C. (1992). The relationship between satisfaction, attitudes, and performance: An organizational level analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77 (6): 960-963.

Raina, D. & Balodi, G. (2013). Study of life satisfaction of married women in relation to female foeticide and girl child. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 2 (2): 2-28.

Sek, H. (2003). Social support as the category of resources and ambigous support functions. In Z. Juczynski, N. Oginska-Bulik. Personal and social resources advantages to a person’s health. Lodz: Wyd. UL.

Sek, H. (2004). Social support as the category of resources and ambiguous supports. In: Z. Juczynski, N. Oginska-Bulik (red.) Personal and social resources advantageous to a person’s health. Lodz: Wyd. UL


  • There are currently no refbacks.


The editors and publisher of Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, its editors or its publisher. Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising therefrom.