Hubungan Penghargaan Kendiri, Resilien, Sikap Asertif dan Kempimpinan dalam kalangan “Mat Rempit” di Lembah Klang (Relationships between Self-Esteem, Resilience, Assertiveness and Leadership among “Mat Rempit” in Klang Valley)

Mohd Suhaimi Mohamad, Nasrudin Subhi, Daniella Mokhtar


Youth faces drastic changes in their psychological, biological and social development. The involvement of adolescents in reckless motorcycle riding also known as ‘rempit’ is a social phenomenon that reflects devian behavior. Various programs have been carried out on prevention and recovery from various sectors. However, reckless motorcycle riding still occurs within our society and it has now grown to become a current trend among male youth especially those that are school dropouts to become 'Mat Rempit'. This paperwork sets out to measure the level of self-esteem, resilience, assertiveness and leadership. A quantitative design was applied in this field study. Sample recruitment were carried out via snowballing based on purposive sampling. A total of 30 youths between the age of 16 and 25 were recruited into the youth empowerment camp. Results show a significant relationship between self-esteem, resilience, assertiveness and gang leadership. There was a significant difference in terms of self-esteem (t=3.1, p<0.05) before and after the camp was carried out. Research implications were further discusses based on the impact towards the camp participants, their family, the social development of the youth and the improvement of the empowering youth-at-risk module. It is hoped that through this youth empowerment camp, participants have the potential to change risky behaviours to positive behaviours in order to contribute towards self-development and the well-being of their family.

Full Text:



Albuquerque, C., Almeida, J., Cunha, M., Madureira, A. & Ana, A. (2014). Protective resilience factors in institutionalised Portuguese adolescents. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 171, 276 – 283.

Aishah@Esah, H. M. (2013). Perubahan sosial, kesihatan dan kualiti hidup di wilayah metropolitan Lembah Klang-Langat. Akademika, 83(1), 11–24.

Aminuddin, M. Y. (1990). Kepimpinan. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Chong, S. T., Norulhuda Sarnon@Kusenin, Nor Jana Saim, Fauziah Ibrahim, Denise Koh Choon Lian, Salina Nen, Suzana Mohd Hoesni, Mohd Suhaimi Mohammad, Nasrudin Subhi, Khadijah Alavi, Mohd Nasir Selamat, Daniella Mokhtar. (2020). Social capital and youth development. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(4), 4181-4192.

Brockman, J. (2013). Thinking: The new science of decision-making, problem-solving, and prediction. New York : Harper Perennial.

Demirbilek, M., & Otrar, M. (2015). Assertiveness and Self Esteem of Adolescents Who Have Single Parent. Saarbrücken: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.

Erikson, E. H. (1995). Childhood and society. London: Vintage.

Favara, M., & Sanchez, A. (2017). Psychosocial competencies and risky behaviours in Peru. IZA Journal of Labor & Development, 6(1), 1-40.

Ghimbulut, O. & Opre, A. (2013). Assessing Resilience Using Mixed Methods: Youth Resilience Measure. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 7, 8310 – 314.

Gouws, E. (2014). Adolescent. Elsevier Science. Halifax, NS: Resilience Research Centre, Dalhousie University.

Hudley, C. (2016). Adolescent identity and schooling: Diverse perspectives. New York : Routledge

Jackman, D. M., & MacPhee, D. (2017). Self-esteem and future orientation predict adolescents’ risk engagement. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 37(3), 339-366.

Jamilah, O. & Lambak, T. (2001). Modul kepimpinan (edisi 1). IDEAL. UPM.

Lopez-Ibor, J. J., Reneses, B., & López-Ibor, M.-I. (2013). What Makes a Leader? Skills and competencies. In D. Bhugra, P. Ruiz & S. Gupta. Leadership in psychiatry. (pp.13-33). New York, N.Y.: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Marici, M. (2014). Some Psychometric Properties of the Family Domain in the”Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire”. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 187, 289 – 294.

Mohd Suhaimi Mohamad, Rozita Ibrahim, Daniella M. Mokhtar & Nasrudin Subhi. (2019). Youth-to-youth engagement. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), 8(2S10), 2277-3878.

Nor Ba’yah Abdul Kadir, Samsudin A. Rahim, Mimi Hanida Abdul Mutalib, Wan Amizah Wan Mahmud, Sheau Tsuey Chong & Nasrudin Subhi. (2012). Development of the self-report measures of assessing developmental assets among at-risk youth in Malaysia. Child Adolesc Soc Work J., 29, 391–407.

Perreira, K. M., Marchante, A. N., Schwartz, S. J., Isasi, C. R., Carnethon, M. R., Corliss, H. L., Kaplan, R.C., Santisteban, D.A., Vidot, D.C., Van Horn, L. & Delamater, A. M. (2019). Stress and resilience: key correlates of mental health and substance use in the Hispanic community health study of Latino youth. Journal of immigrant and minority health, 21(1), 4-13.

Popoola, O. A., Opayemi, B. O., & Popoola, B. O. (2018). Peer relation, self-esteem and assertiveness among selected adolescents in Ilorin, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Social Psychology, 1(1).

Razali M. Z. (1993). Kepimpinan dalam pengurusan. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publication.

Resnick, M. D. (2000). Resilience and protective factors in the lives of adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 27(1), 1-2.

Rozmi Ismail. (2008). Mat Rempit dan Gejala Perlumbaan Haram di Malaysia. Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, 22, 17-28.

Veselska, Z., Geckova, A. M., Orosova, O., Gajdosova, B., van Dijk, J. P., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2009). Self-esteem and resilience: The connection with risky behavior among adolescents. Addictive Behaviors, 34(3), 287-291.

Wahab, S., Rahman, F. N. A., Wan, H. W. M. H., Zamani, I. Z., Arbaiei, N. C., Khor, S. L., & Nawi, A. M. (2013). Stressors in secondary boarding school students: Association with stress, anxiety and depressive symptoms. Asia-pacific Psychiatry, 5, 82-89.

Woolfolk, A., Sarimah, S. A., Norma, S., Sharifah, F. S. I., & Wan, Z. W. D. (2012). Psikologi pendidikan. Sintok, Kedah: ITBM.

Zolkoski, S. M. & Bullock, L. M. (2012). Resilience in children and youth: A review. Children and Youth Services Review, 34, 2295–2303.


  • There are currently no refbacks.


The editors and publisher of Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, its editors or its publisher. Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising therefrom.