Kebebasan Bersuara dan Komentar Netizen Terhadap Isu Muhammad Adib di Berita Harian Online

(Freedom of Speech and Netizen's Comments on the Issue of Muhammad Adib In Berita Harian Online)

  • Poovaneaswary Manoharan Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Muhammad Adnan Pitchan Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Keywords: Komentar, Netizen, Kebebasan Bersuara, Isu Muhammad Adib, Berita Harian Online

Abstract

ABSTRAK

Sejak kebelakangan ini, kebebasan bersuara di media sosial semakin berleluasa. Kebebasan media ini sering dikaitkan dengan kebebasan bersuara. Di mana kebebasan bersuara di media ini merujuk kepada kebebasan bagi sesuatu pihak untuk menyatakan atau menyuarakan pendapat mereka. Kebebasan bersuara ini merujuk kepada satu asas utama dalam masyarakat demokratik. Namun begitu, masyarakat mempunyai piawaian yang berbeza, terutamanya dalam menyuarakan pendapat dengan perspektif yang berlainan. Maka, satu kajian dijalankan bagi menganalisis komentar netizen terhadap isu Muhammad Adib di Berita Harian Online. Isu ini dipilih kerana ia merupakan isu sensasi di mana netizen gemar menyuarakan pendapat mereka dalam pelbagai perspektif dengan cara menulis komentar di berita–berita yang disiarkan di Berita Harian Online. Kajian ini cuba menganalisis komentar netizen terhadap isu Muhammad Adib di Berita Harian Online. Pendekatan yang diambil secara kualitatif ini adalah menggunakan kaedah analisis kandungan dan temu bual mendalam. Analisis kandungan ini menganalisis komentar netizen dari 28 November 2018 sehingga 5 Disember 2018 iaitu sebanyak 602 komentar netizen dipilih untuk analisis. Satu temu bual mendalam juga dijalankan bagi mengetahui cadangan penambahbaikan bagi mengawal kebebasan bersuara di Berita Harian Online. Hasil dapatan kajian menemukan bahawa netizen menyuarakan pendapat melalui komentar walaupun dengan bahasa negatif. Bagi mengatasi ini, cadangan – cadangan daripada informan juga dibincangkan supaya dapat mengawal kebebasan bersuara di Berita Harian Online. Secara keseluruhannya, semua pihak termasuk badan berita, kerajaan dan masyarakat perlu mengambil berat tentang kebebasan bersuara supaya dapat mengekalkan keharmonian negara.

Kata kunci: Komentar, Netizen, Kebebasan Bersuara, Isu Muhammad Adib,Berita Harian Online

ABSTRACT

Lately, the freedom of expression on social media has increased. Freedom of the media is often associated with freedom of speech. Where freedom of speech in this media refers to the freedom of a party to express or express their opinion. This freedom of expression refers to a fundamental principle in democratic society. However, society has different standards, especially in voicing opinions from different perspectives. Therefore, a study was conducted to analyze netizens' comments on the issue of Muhammad Adib in the Daily News Online. This issue was chosen because it is a sensation issue where netizens like to voice their opinions in various perspectives by commenting on the news that is published in the Daily News Online. This study attempts to analyze netizens' comments on the issue of Muhammad Adib in the Daily News Online. This qualitative approach is to use content analysis methods and in-depth interviews. This content analysis analyzes netizens comments from November 28, 2018 through December 5, 2018 with a total of 602 netizens comments selected for analysis. An in-depth interview was also conducted to find out what suggestions to improve freedom of speech on Daily News Online. The findings of the study found that netizens voiced their opinions through comments even in negative language. To address this, suggestions from informants were also discussed in order to control the freedom of speech in the Daily News Online. On the whole, all parties, including news organizations, governments and the public have to care about freedom of speech in order to maintain national harmony.

Key words: Comments, Netizen, Freedom of Expression, Muhammad Adib Issue, Berita Harian Online.

Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
Manoharan, P., & Pitchan, M. A. (2020, June 30). Kebebasan Bersuara dan Komentar Netizen Terhadap Isu Muhammad Adib di Berita Harian Online. Jurnal Wacana Sarjana, 4(3), 1 - 9. Retrieved from http://spaj.ukm.my/jws/index.php/jws/article/view/324